OLDEST IMPERIAL CAPITAL OF IRAN
By Professor Ali Sami
THE BRILLIANT CULTURE OF ANCIENT
Pasargad, Pasargadae - The wide expanse of Iran, the greater part of which is
included in the present country, is the cradle of an ancient and notable
civilisation, which according to the researches of archaeologists is in many
respects more ancient and superior to the contemporary civilisation in the plain
of Mesopotamia, and in other similar places.
This culture and learning were much earlier than what the
existing and collected evidence would indicate.
What the investigators and excavators have assembled and
recorded, which is a cause of wonder and admiration to the world in general, and
a source of pride and satisfaction to us in particular, are only small and
insignificant fragments, found in many different places, having survived the
calamities and commotions occurring during the long, disturbed and ever-changing
Those who have investigated this matter, with all the
efforts they have made, and are still making, have only been able to sketch and
outline the plan of the great building of a civilisation, which convulsions and
revolutions have combined to deface.
For this reason the writer also will not be able to treat
the subject as fittingly as it should be, when he attempts to describe the
far-off scenery, but he hopes that his own slight and limited researches may
prove to be preliminary to the wider and deeper work of eminent critics and
scholars, who may lay on this plan the foundation of a great and strong
building, such as the writer is unable to erect, and draw to one side the veil
that hides the ambiguities and obscurities of the glorious past ages of our
It is certain that in the confused and unstable world of
to-day, which every day and hour teems with events, people are occupied with the
daily occurrences and accidents, and all their concern and effort is to
accommodate themselves to the concern and effort is to accommodate themselves to
the conditions of their own time and environment, and to fit in to the
mechanical age, or to put the matter more plainly, they are mainly concerned to
secure the means of living, and not to fall behind the fast moving caravan, and
the desires and propensities of to-day. All this does not allow anyone time to
think, to say nothing of undertaking research into the conditions of life of our
past ancestors and the generations of long ago.
In spite of this there have been and still are scholars of
research, who putting aside what has been assumed to be the case, by a fuller
investigation of the circumstances and remaining artefacts.