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M


THE IRANIAN WORLD

ÊRÂN-XWARRAH-SHÂPUHR


 

By: Rika Gyselen

 

(Êrân, glory of Šâpûr), Sasanian province (š) containing Susa and probably created by Šâpûr II (r. 309-379). Though Susa was given the epithet êr-kar "made Iranian," the capital of the province was actually Karkha, renamed Êrân-xwarrah-Šâbûhr-šahrestân for the occasion. The toponym was often deformed in the post-Sasanian period (see Nöldeke, Geschichte der Perser, p. 58, n. 1). 

 

 

Bibliography

(for cited works not given in detail, see "Short References"):

R. N. Frye, "Sasanian Seal Inscriptions," in R. Stiehl and H. E. Stier, eds., Beiträge zur Alten Geschichte und deren Nachleben: Festschrift für Franz Altheim zum 6.10.1968, Berlin, 1970, p. 82, fig. 11. 

P. Gignoux, Catalogue des sceaux, came‚es et bulles sassanides de la Bibliotheàque Nationale et du Muse‚e du Louvre II, Paris, 1978, pp. 83-89 (b.4.1-4-14, pls. XXXV-XL). 

Idem and R. Gyselen, Bulles et sceaux sassanides de diverses collections, Studia Iranica, cahier 4, Paris, 1987, pp. 27 (MFT6), 138-39 (IBT 1-2). 

R. Gyselen, La ge‚ographie administrative de l'Empire sassanide: Les te‚moignages sigillographiques, Res Orientales 1, Bures-sur-Yvette, 1989, pp. 46-47 and passim. 

Idem and H. Gasche, "Suse et Ivân-e Kerkha, capitale provinciale d' Êrân-xwarrah-Šâpûr: Mote de ge‚ographique historique sassanide," Studia Iranica 23, 1994, pp. 19-35, plates I-X. Mojmal, ed. Bahâr, p. 67. 

Schwarz, Iran, p. 369. Tabarî, I, pp. 840, 845.

 

 

Source/Extracted From: Encyclopaedia Iranica

 

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