cais1.gif (153930 bytes)

CAIS Persian Text.gif (34162 bytes)


The Circle of Ancient Iranian Studies

 Persian Section.PNG (9914 bytes)


About CAIS


Daily News

News Archive


CAIS Seminars

Image Library





Contact Us


Facebook-Button.jpg (107165 bytes)





By: Rika Gyselen


(Êrân, glory of Šâpûr), Sasanian province (š) containing Susa and probably created by Šâpûr II (r. 309-379). Though Susa was given the epithet êr-kar "made Iranian," the capital of the province was actually Karkha, renamed Êrân-xwarrah-Šâbûhr-šahrestân for the occasion. The toponym was often deformed in the post-Sasanian period (see Nöldeke, Geschichte der Perser, p. 58, n. 1). 




(for cited works not given in detail, see "Short References"):

R. N. Frye, "Sasanian Seal Inscriptions," in R. Stiehl and H. E. Stier, eds., Beiträge zur Alten Geschichte und deren Nachleben: Festschrift für Franz Altheim zum 6.10.1968, Berlin, 1970, p. 82, fig. 11. 

P. Gignoux, Catalogue des sceaux, came‚es et bulles sassanides de la Bibliotheàque Nationale et du Muse‚e du Louvre II, Paris, 1978, pp. 83-89 (b.4.1-4-14, pls. XXXV-XL). 

Idem and R. Gyselen, Bulles et sceaux sassanides de diverses collections, Studia Iranica, cahier 4, Paris, 1987, pp. 27 (MFT6), 138-39 (IBT 1-2). 

R. Gyselen, La ge‚ographie administrative de l'Empire sassanide: Les te‚moignages sigillographiques, Res Orientales 1, Bures-sur-Yvette, 1989, pp. 46-47 and passim. 

Idem and H. Gasche, "Suse et Ivân-e Kerkha, capitale provinciale d' Êrân-xwarrah-Šâpûr: Mote de ge‚ographique historique sassanide," Studia Iranica 23, 1994, pp. 19-35, plates I-X. Mojmal, ed. Bahâr, p. 67. 

Schwarz, Iran, p. 369. Tabarî, I, pp. 840, 845.



Source/Extracted From: Encyclopaedia Iranica


Please note: CAIS has the privilege to publish the above article originating from the above-mentioned source, for educational purposes only (Read Only). This article has been published in accordance with the author(s) / source' copyright-policy -- therefore, the ownership and copyright of this page-file remains with the author(s) / sourceFor any other purposes, you must obtain a  written permission from the copyright owner concerned. (Please refer to CAIS Copyright Policy).




my_Iran.jpg (13682 bytes)

"History is the Light on the Path to Future"


Persian_NOT_Farsi_by_Shapour_Suren-Pahlav_3D2.gif (177309 bytes)


Encyclopaedia Iranica

BIPS.jpg (15695 bytes)

The British Institute of Persian Studies

"Persepolis Reconstructed"

Persepolis_reconstructed2.jpg (36944 bytes)


The British Museum

The Royal

Asiatic Society

Persian_Gulf_Facebook.jpg (1935028 bytes)

The Persian Gulf

Facebook Page

Please use your "Back" button (top left) to return to the previous page

Copyright © 1998-2015 The Circle of Ancient Iranian Studies (CAIS)