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IRAN

BASIC STATISTICS


November 2000

 

Country


Country name:
conventional short form: Iran
local short form: Iran

 

Area

total: 1.648 million sq km
land: 1.636 million sq km
water: 12,000 sq km

 

Data code: IR

 

Capital: Tehran

 

Land boundaries

total: 5,440 km

Border countries: 

Afghanistan 936 km,

Armenia 35 km, Arran (Republic of Azerbaijan) 432 km,

Naxcivan exclave 179 km,

Iraq 1,458 km,

Pakistan 909 km,

Turkey 499 km,

Turkmenistan 992 km

 

Coastline:

Persian Gulf 1,700 km

Caspian Sea 740 km

 

Elevation extremes:

lowest point: Caspian Sea -28 m
highest point: Mount Damavand 5,671 m

 

 

Administrative divisions: 28 provinces (pl. ostanha,  sg. ostan); 

  1. Ardebil,

  2. Azarbaijan-e Gharbi,

  3. Azarbaijan-e Sharqi,

  4. Bushehr,

  5. Chahar Mahall va Bakhtiari,

  6. Esfahan,

  7. Fars,

  8. Gilan,

  9. Golestan,

  10. Hamadan,

  11. Hormozgan,

  12. Ilam,

  13. Kerman,

  14. Kermanshahan,

  15. Khorasan,

  16. Khuzestan,

  17. Kohkiluyeh va Buyer Ahmadi,

  18. Kordestan,

  19. Lorestan,

  20. Markazi,

  21. Mazandaran,

  22. Qazvin,

  23. Qom,

  24. Semnan,

  25. Sistan va Baluchestan,

  26. Tehran,

  27. Yazd,

  28. Zanjan

 

Independence / Formation: 728 BCE

 

 

People


Population: 65,619,636 (July 2000 est.)

Age structure:
0-14 years: 34% (male 11,542,446; female 11,035,705)
15-64 years: 61% (male 20,151,083; female 19,879,432)
65 years and over: 5% (male 1,592,753; female 1,418,217) (2000 est.)

Population growth rate: 0.83% (2000 est.)

Birth rate: 18.29 births/1,000 population (2000 est.)

Death rate: 5.45 deaths/1,000 population (2000 est.)

Net migration rate: -4.55 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2000 est.)

Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.05 male/female
under 15 years: 1.05 male/female
15-64 years: 1.01 male/female
65 years and over: 1.12 male/female
total population: 1.03 male/female (2000 est.)

Infant mortality rate: 30.02 deaths/1,000 live births (2000 est.)

Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 69.66 years
male: 68.34 years
female: 71.05 years (2000 est.)

Total fertility rate: 2.2 children born/woman (2000 est.)

Nationality:
noun: Iranian / Persian
adjective: Iranian / Persian

Ethnic groups: Persian 51%, Azari 24%, Gilaki and Mazandarani 8%, Kurd 7%,  Lur 2%, Baluch 2%, Torkaman 2%, non-Iranians including Arab settlers 4%.

Religions: Shi'a Muslim 89%, Sunni Muslim 10%, Zoroastrian, Jewish, Christian, and Baha'i 1%

Languages: Persian and Persian dialects 58%, Azari and Turkic dialects 26%, Kordi (Kurdish) 9%, Luri 2%, Baluchi 1%,  Turkish 1%, Arabic 1%, other 2%

Literacy:
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 72.1%
male: 78.4%
female: 65.8% (1994 est.)

 

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"History is the Light on the Path to Future"

 

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