cais1.gif (153930 bytes)

CAIS Persian Text.gif (34162 bytes)

CAIS

The Circle of Ancient Iranian Studies


 Persian Section.PNG (9914 bytes)


Home


About CAIS


Articles


Daily News


News Archive


Announcements


CAIS Seminars


Image Library


Copyright


Disclaimer


Submission


Search


Contact Us


Links


Facebook-Button.jpg (107165 bytes)




KuRDISH (Kurdi) Language


 

 

Kurdish_Speaking_Area_Map.jpg (153559 bytes)

  Map of Kurdish Speaking regions

(Click to enlarge)

Kurdish (also Kurdi and Kordi) is members of the northwestern subdivision of the Iranic branch of Indo-European family of languages in the world.

 

Kurdish is closely related to Balochi, Gileki and Talysh, all of which belong to the north-western branch of Iranian languages. Persian which belongs to the south-western branch, is also considered a related language. (see the table below)

 

The Kurdish dialects divide into three primaries groups: 

1) the "Northern Kurdish" dialects group also called Kurmanji and Badinani, 

2) "Central Kurdish" dialects group also called Sorani and 

3) the "Southern Kurdish" dialects group also called Pehlewani or "Pahlawânik" group.  

 

There is no standard nomenclature for the divisions of Kurdish dialects, not just in the works of Western scholars but among the Kurds themselves. All the native designators for local language and dialects are based on the way the spoken language of one group sounds to the unfamiliar ears of the other. Dimila and their vernacular, Dimili, are therefore called Zâzâ by the Badinani speakers, with reference to the preponderance of Z sounds in their language (Nikitin 1926).

 

The Dimila call the Badinani dialect and its speakers Xerewere. The Gorans refer to the Sorani as Kurkure and Wawa. The Sorani speakers in turn call the Gorans and their vernacular, Gorani, Mecú Mecú, and refer to the tongue and the speakers of Badinani as Ji Babu.

 

A Comparison study between Zazaki, Kurdish, New-Persian, Middle-Persian (Pahlavi), English and German

Zazaki Kurdish Persian Middle-Persian (Pahlavi) English
awe av ab âb water
âdır âgir âtash / āzar âdur / âtaxsh fire
amaene hatin âmadan âmadan come
ârdene ânin âvardan âwurdan bring
ashmi mang māh māh moon
bermayish girîn geristan griyistan cry
bırâ birâ barādar brâd(ar) brother
berz bilind boland / borz buland / borz tall
ber der dar dar door
ja jih gâh place
jeniye žin zan zan / žan woman
jewiyaene jiyan zendegi zīndagīh / zīwišnīh life
chim chav chašm chašm eye
dest dest dast dast hand
dew gund / dê deh deh / wis village
êrd erd zamin zamīg earth
estor asp / astar asb / astar asp / stōr horse
fek dev dahân dahân mouth
gırd / pil gir / mezin bozorg wuzurg / pīl great
angosht angosht angust angust finger
gisht hêk tokhm xâyag egg
hak xer xar xar donkey
her se three
hire bash xub / neku xūb / nêkog good
hol xodâ khodâ bay / abragar god
homâ xenîn xandidan xandīdan laugh
huyaene kirdin kardan kardan do
kerdene mâl xâneh xânag house
ke(ye) kenge kay kay when
key ashti ashti âštih peace
kotpy dâyik mādar mādar mother
mae mâhi mâhi mâhig fish
mâse mirin mordan murdan die
merdene mer mard mard man
merdım nâv nâm nâm name
nâme nân nân nân bread
nân bav pedar pidar father
pi pichuk kuchak kūchak small
qıch vekirin bâz-kardan abâz-kardan open
rakerdene rind zibâ / xubchehreh huchihr beautiful
rınd roj rûz rōz day
roj ser sar sar head
ser sâl sâl sâl year
serre êvar bâmdâd êbêrag evening
shund shev shab shab night
shewe chun raftan raftan / shudan go
shiyaene târik târîk târīg/k dark
târîk tirs tars tars fear
ters ba bâd wâd wind
va bihesh sabzeh / giyâh giyâ grass
vash gotin goftan guftan / wâxtan say
vatene gur gorg gurg wolf
verg birchîtî gorosnegi gursag / shuy hunger
vêyshan dirouz diruz dêrûž yesterday
vızêr xwishk xâhar xwahar sister
wae xwestın xâstan xwâstan want
wastene xwândin xândan xwândan read
wendene xwarin xorâk / xordan xwâr / xwardīg food / eat
werdene xwesh khosh dârmag fine
wesh xwîn xūn xôn blood
win bihar bahâr wahâr spring
wısar nâm-zad nâm-zad - fiancé
washte xok xuk xūk pig
xoz ere / na âri / na hâ / ney yes / no
ya / ne zimân zabân zuwân language
zıwan dil del dil heart
zerri mer mard mard man

 

 

Top of Page

my_Iran.jpg (13682 bytes)

"History is the Light on the Path to Future"

 

Persian_NOT_Farsi_by_Shapour_Suren-Pahlav_3D2.gif (177309 bytes)


 

Encyclopaedia Iranica


BIPS.jpg (15695 bytes)

The British Institute of Persian Studies


"Persepolis Reconstructed"

Persepolis_reconstructed2.jpg (36944 bytes)

Persepolis3D


The British Museum


The Royal

Asiatic Society


Persian_Gulf_Facebook.jpg (1935028 bytes)

The Persian Gulf

Facebook Page




Please use your "Back" button (top left) to return to the previous page

Copyright © 1998-2015 The Circle of Ancient Iranian Studies (CAIS)