cais1.gif (153930 bytes)

CAIS Persian Text.gif (34162 bytes)

CAIS

The Circle of Ancient Iranian Studies


 Persian Section.PNG (9914 bytes)


Home


About CAIS


Articles


Daily News


News Archive


Announcements


CAIS Seminars


Image Library


Copyright


Disclaimer


Submission


Search


Contact Us


Links


Facebook-Button.jpg (107165 bytes)




Ancient Iranian Languages

An Introduction to Arsacid Pahlavi (Parthian)


    

By: Shapour Suren-Pahlav

July 2007

 

 

One of the two major Middle Iranian languages is Arsacid Pahlavi (also called Parthian and Northwest Pahlavi[1]). The term Pahlavi is a noun derived from the adjective Pahlav[2], which is the equivalent of the Old Persian word Parthava meaning ‘Parthian’[3].

 

Arsacid Pahlavi (Parthian) was the official language of the Arsacid dynastic empire (248BCE-224CE)[4] of Iran. It is also preserved in a large body of Manichean texts, which provide evidence for its continuation in Central Asia right up until the 10th century[5].

 

While Arsacid Pahlavi is categorised as a dialect within the Northwestern subgroup of Iranian languages, it retains many archaic Eastern Iranian features – probably because the founders of the Arsacid dynasty, the Parni tribe, were originally speakers of a Northeastern Iranian language similar to Scythian[6]

 

Parthian has no known direct linguistic ancestor[7], but is closely related to the Sasanid Pahlavi, commonly known as Middle Persian.


 

Notes:


[1] Ronald G. Kent, Old Persian Grammar, Texts, Lexicon, 2nd rev. ed., American Oriental Society, New Haven, (1953).  P. 6.

[2] Hermann Collitz, “World Languages”, Language, Vol. 2, No. 1. (Mar., 1926), p.6.

[3] See idem, Old Persian Grammar, Texts, Lexicon, 2nd rev. ed., American Oriental Society, New Haven, (1953). p.7.

[4] See idem, “World Languages”, Language, Vol. 2, No. 1. (Mar., 1926), p.6.

[5] Gernot L. Windfuhr, “Persian”, The Oxford Encyclopaedia of Archaeology in the Near East, vol. 4., American Schools of Oriental Research, Oxford University Press (1997) p. 293.

[6] P. Lecoq, “Aparna”, Encyclopaedia Iranica Online,  http://www.iranica.com/newsite/articles/v2f2/v2f2a023.html; retrieved June 21, 2007.

[7] See idem, “Persian”, The Oxford Encyclopaedia of Archaeology in the Near East, vol. 4., American Schools of Oriental Research, Oxford University Press (1997) p. 293.

پهلوي اشکاني نگاشته شاپور سورنپهلو 

blog counter   <meta name="verify-v1" content="Kb4N15t1UVWj7aEXtMAMsR2vpb1WAyOpb5tfwsdcn1w=" />

my_Iran.jpg (13682 bytes)

"History is the Light on the Path to Future"

 

Persian_NOT_Farsi_by_Shapour_Suren-Pahlav_3D2.gif (177309 bytes)


 

Encyclopaedia Iranica


BIPS.jpg (15695 bytes)

The British Institute of Persian Studies


"Persepolis Reconstructed"

Persepolis_reconstructed2.jpg (36944 bytes)

Persepolis3D


The British Museum


The Royal

Asiatic Society


Persian_Gulf_Facebook.jpg (1935028 bytes)

The Persian Gulf

Facebook Page




Please use your "Back" button (top left) to return to the previous page

Copyright © 1998-2015 The Circle of Ancient Iranian Studies (CAIS)