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Iranian Religions: Zoroastrianism


The Hymns of Zarathushtra

Spenta Mainyu Gatha



Yasna 47


1.       For the Best Mind, and for the Best word and deed
actuated by Truth,
From the Bountiful spirit of the Lord Mazda,
May He in Sovereign Authority and through the
spirit of Right-mindedness
Bestow upon us His two great blessings,
Perfecting integrity here and Immortality hereafter.

2.       The best work of this Bountiful spirit, he fulfils
Endowed with the Good Mind, speaks word of wisdom,
Works with his hands as prompted by active Benevolence,
Inspired by the insight that Thou, O Mazda, art
the Father of Truth.

3.       Thou art the Holy Lord of this Blessed spirit, O Mazda!
For in consultation with the Good Mind,
Thou hast created this world for our satisfaction,
And provided the protection of Armaity's
benevolence to bring us peace.

4.       By this Bountiful spirit, O Mazda,
The evil-liars feel afflicted, but not so the righteous.
Whether a man's possession be great or small
Let him ever aspire to righteousness and abjure the wicked.

5.       By this Bountiful spirit of Thine, O Mazda,
Thou hast assigned all that is best to the good;
But far from Thy Grace shall the evil have his portion,
The Liar, abiding, by his own deeds, in the home of
the Evil Mind.

6.       By this Bountiful spirit of Thine, O Mazda
And through Thy Holy Fire,
Thou shalt apportion good and evil to the two
contending parties,
With Truth and Right-minded justice standing by
Thy side,
Verily, this shall cause many to hear Thy Message.


Yasna 48


1.       When at the time of awarding, men, with the help of
Truth shall vanquish the Lie;
When deceptions and untruths, for long decried, of
false gods and baser men stand exposed,
Then, at the time of salvation, there shall be full
adoration of Thy Glory !

2.       Tell me, O Ahura, for Thou art the all-knowing,
Shall the righteous overcome the evil foe,
Even before the great crisis overtakes us?
For that were indeed a blessed event for the world's

3.       O Benevolent, Omniscient Mazda!
To the man understanding Thy Message
Thou dost bestow the profound treasure of Thy
That which Thou hast established through Truth!
With an intelligence inspired by the Good Mind,
Verily, one becomes worthy of Thee, O Mazda!

4.       Those whose minds move to uplifting thoughts
And those others whose minds turn to what is base,
Their words and deeds will reflect their thoughts;
For their choices will follow their sentiments.
Their ends will be different, as Thy Wisdom declares.

5.       Let those who know how to rule well, and not the
evil rulers, rule us!
Let them rule us with wisdom - rule us with skill O Piety!
O Thou, bring humanity to perfection, and give
hallowed blessing for its future life!
Let man be active, zealously caring for his land
and creatures so that they may flourish.

6.       For Armaity, the holy spirit of Rightmindedness,
with the power of determined thought,
Shall bless us with peace, prosperity and vigor of spirit.
For her, did Ahura Mazda make the plants grow,
through Truth's law of Nature,
At the time of the origination of Life.

7.       O ye, who would be bound by the Good Mind, and
strive to spread the Truth,
O ye, who desire to sustain the Holy Cause,
Suppress all anger and violence,
Abandon all ill-will and strife!
Such benevolent men shall be in Thy Abode, O Ahura.

8.       Will the joy of Thy good kingdom of Heaven,
Be the blessed state appointed for me, O Ahura!
What manifestation of Thy Truth shall be welcomed
by the pious
And inspire them to strive for the great deeds of the
Good Spirit?

9.       When shall I know, O Mazda, how dost Thou
rule with truth and justice,
Over those who oppress and cast me in fear and doubt?
Let the scheme of Good Thought be made known to me,
Should not the savior-to-be know what the blessed
outcome shall be?

10.   When shall good men come to understand and
spread Thy Wisdom, O Mazda?
When shall they remove the filthy evil of intoxication?
The evil by which the wicked sacrificers and the evil
lords of the lands
Make desolate the world!

11.   When, O Mazda, shall Piety come with Truth in our lands,
When shall happy life in peaceful pastures come to
us through good rule?
Who shall bring peace to us from cruel and wicked men?
To whom shall the wisdom of the Good Mind come?

12.   Such are the saviors of the earth,
Who, inspired by the Good Mind, cause betterment,
By actions in tune with the laws of Truth and justice.
They are indeed appointed by Thee to dispel
violence, O Mazda!


Yasna 49


1.       To me who has endeavored to win over the
disaffected to the cause of Truth,
To me, the opposing Bandva has been a stubborn foe!
Come to me with Thy gift of helpful grace, O Mazda!
Through Thy Good-Mind inspire us to overcome this evil!

2.       The teachings of this evil Bandva has long hindered
me in my work.
This harmful man has fallen away from Truth and Right!
He cares not that Armaity's right-mindedness brings prosperity,
Impervious is he to the influence of the Good Mind!

3.       According to Thy Faith, O Mazda, the choice of
Righteousness is its own vindication,
The choice of evil, its own undoing;
Hence do I seek and strive for the fellowship of
Good Thought,
And renounce all association with the follower of Evil.

4.       Those who by their evil tongue increase discord,
And those with ill purpose who spread violence and dissolution,
Those who seek to work with evil-doers and not with the good,
Verily, they would establish the heresy of Untruth,
the perverted system of the evil!

5.       But he who cherishes Thy Way with the Good Mind
Is himself a promoter of abundance and prosperity,
A follower of the wisdom of Truth, an intimate of
Piety is he, O Mazda!
Verily, he shall be in Thy Kingdom of Heaven, with
all that is within, O Ahura!

6.       I beseech Thee, O Mazda, reveal Thy Holy Plan,
Let Truth declare Thy Divine Wisdom,
So that we may ever choose and act aright
And make the truths of Thy Faith widely known.

7.       Do thou listen to this. O Ahura!
Let him also listen who is endowed with the Good Mind,
Let him hear too who is inspired by the Spirit of Truth.
Who among my kinsman, who among my friends,
shall live by Thy Laws
And bring recognition of Thy Faith among the people?

8.       Do thou bestow on Frashaoshtra a beneficent
alliance with Truth,
Verily, this I too ask of Thee, O Mazda Ahura,
And to us, bestow Thou the Good in Thy Holy Kingdom,
May we be, for all time, Thy inspired messengers!

9.       Let the preceptor born to bring deliverance hear this
The man of Truth shall not work or rule in fellowship
with the evil-liar.
Souls partaking of Right, shall receive the excellent reward
At the judgment, O Jamaspa!

10.   And this, O Mazda, rest in Thy care -
The good-minded and the souls of the righteous
with the spirit of Piety and veneration,
Protected in Thy great Dominion with undying power.

11.   To the wicked rulers,
To the men of evil deeds, of evil words, of evil thoughts;
Their depraved souls shall go to meet them with that
which is foul.
In the House of the Lie, they shall verily find their abode.

12.   How wilt Thou come to my help O Truth,
To Zarathushtra who am invoking Thee?
What hast Thou for me, O Good Mind?
And on me, who with songs of praise has been in
Thy grace O Mazda Ahura,
Bestow that which is the Best.


Yasna 50


1.       On whom can I count for help?
On whom can I depend to protect my possessions?
On whom but on Thy Truth,
And on Thyself, O Mazda Ahura, when invoked
with the Enlightened Mind!

2.       Tell me, O Mazda, how should they act and work
Who care for this joy-giving world with its pastures?
Living upright lives under the recurring splendor of
the sun, apart from the repudiators,
Living ordered lives in harmony with the law of Truth,
These shall reap the Blessed Reward!

3.       The resolute one who moved by the principles of Thy Faith
Extends the prosperity of order to his neighbors
And works the land the evil now hold desolate,
Earns through Righteousness, the Blessed Recompense
Thy Good Mind has promised in Thy Kingdom of Heaven.

4.       With Truth moving my heart,
With Best Thought inspiring my mind,
With all the might of spiritual force within me,
I venerate Thee, O Mazda, with songs of Thy praise!
And at the Last, when I shall stand at Thy gate
I shall hear the echo of my prayers from Thy Abode of Songs.

5.       To Thy Prophet inspired by Thy Truth, O Mazda,
To Thy Prophet revealing Thy Message in hymns,
Do Thou come with Thy Grace, O Lord!
Do Thou give him Thy hand of manifest help,
That he may bring enlightenment and bliss.

6.       As I lift my voice in songs of Thy veneration,
Actuated by Truth to direct my speech to the right
path of wisdom;
Give to Zarathushtra, O Mazda, the inspiration of
the Good Mind to enunciate Thy ordinance.

7.       Yoked are the ardent steeds of Thy veneration,
As we approach Thy realm, O Mazda,
Come, Great Power, unto me with Thy spirit of
Truth and Thy Good Mind,
Hasten thus unto my help!

8.       Singing hymns of Thy praise, O Lord,
And with hands outstretched shall I approach Thee.
In adoration, with enlightenment from Truth and the
Good Mind
I shall verily reach Thy Presence, O Mazda!

9.       With these hymns shall I come to Thee, O Lord!
To Thy Truth, aided by the deeds of the Good Mind,
Seeking earnestly the reward of the beneficent, and
receiving it,
I shall be master of my own destiny.

10.   The good deeds that we shall perform as those we
have performed,
The things that are precious to the eye illumined by
the Good-Mind,
The radiance of the sun shimmering down which
heralds the day,
They all, in accord with Truth, testify to Thy glory,
O Mazda Ahura!

11.   The poet of Thy praise, I call myself, O Mazda !
And so shall I remain, O Truth, as long as my
power lasts,
Let the World-Creator help me through the Good Mind,
Through His Grace let that be done which shall
most promote the Great Cause!


Vohu-Khshathra Gatha

Yasna 51

1.       A righteous government is of all the most to be wished for,
Bearing of blessing and good fortune in the highest.
Guided by the law of Truth, supported by
dedication and zeal,
It blossoms into the Best of Order, a Kingdom of Heaven!
To effect this I shall work now and ever more.

2.       Grant Thou to me, O Mazda, Thy Rule of Righteousness
Which from the beginning has been Thine.
And Thou, O spirit of Rightmindedness, grant me
the power of will,
And vouchsafe Thy blessings on him who realizes
Thee in ever serving with the Good Mind.

3.       All these, indeed, gather unto Thee, O Mazda,
They who have done Thy work,
Whose actions accord with the Truth,
Whose words proceed from the Good Mind,
Whose Inspirer art Thou from the very beginning!

4.       Where shall we find security from threat of harm?
Where, compassion for our precarious state?
When shall Truth come into its own?
Where is the power of Holy Benevolence?
Where is the illumination of the Good Mind?
And whither, O Mazda, is Thy Dominion?

5.       All these questions do we ask,
That receiving guidance from Truth, we may work
for the welfare of creation,
Ever wise in dedication,
Ever upright in action,
Acknowledging the Teacher of Truth appointed for
the just well-being of the people.

6.       At the last turning of life,
To the faithful making the right choice according to
His norm,
Doth Ahura Mazda, the Lord judge, in His sovereign Power,
Bestow an end better than good.
But to him who shall not serve the cause of good
He giveth an end worse than bad.
At the last turning of life.

7.       O Fashioner of the World! O Creator of the waters and plants!
Grant Thou to me Thy blessings of Perfection and Immortality!
O Most Bountiful Spirit, grant me the strength
enduring to bring to realization Thy
announced purpose,
With the help of the Good Mind.

8.       On Thy behalf then shall I speak forth, O Mazda,
As one that knows to those who would know:
"Evil is the portion of the wicked,
But bliss for the one who stands by Righteousness,"
Let this message be announced with joy to the wise!

9.       With what understanding shalt Thou, O Mazda,
give judgment to the two contending sides,
Through Thy fire, a token of the final molten test?
Let there be a sign of the separation:
The destruction of the evil, from the blessedness of
the righteous,

10.   He who strives to destroy me, O Mazda,
Without cause and without justice,
An offspring of evil is he, maleficent to all that live.
Here I invoke the spirit of Truth
To come to me with Thy noble reward, O Mazda!

11.   Where is the man, O Mazda
Who shall come as friend of Spitama Zarathushtra,
Who shall take counsel with Truth,
Who endowed with the zeal of Bounteous Armaity,
Who inspired by the Good Mind,
Shall be fit for the spread of the Great Cause?

12.   On this bridge of transient earthly life
No followers of the wicked lords have pleased
Zarathushtra Spitama;
Thy servant aspiring for lofty attainment
Will seek with sincerity to repel their efforts.

13.   The Wrong of the wicked shall perish before the
Right of the truthful.
Standing at the Bridge of Judgment,
The evil soul beholds the path of the righteous,
But the evil of his actions, the words of his evil
tongue, prove to be his fetters,
In fear, he finds that he fails.

14.   The evil Karpans do not preach the laws of settled
and peaceful life.
They cause suffering to the earth and its creatures,
Their deeds and their doctrines shall consign them at
last to the House of the Lie.

15.   The Abode of Songs where Ahura Mazda was the
first presence,
Is the Blessed Reward, designated by me,
For the supporters of the Great Cause!
It shall be bestowed upon you
If you accept the enlightenment of the Good Mind,
If you tread the path of Truth.

16.   The King Vishtaspa, through righteous power,
has attained the grasp of the Great Cause.
The inspired Wisdom of the doctrine has reached him,
The Wisdom of the Good Faith which Holy Ahura
Mazda devised through the Universal Law
of Truth.
Let thus, the hail of salvation be proclaimed.

17.   To me, has Frashaoshtra Hvogva manifested the
dedication of himself to the Cause.
May Mazda Ahura bestow on him the profoundest
truths of the good Faith,
May Mazda grant him the Will to promulgate the
Cause of Truths.

18.   Jamaspa Hvogva aspiring to enlightened power
through Truth,
Has chosen for himself the Wisdom of Thy Faith;
And so choosing, does he attain the Kingdom of
the Good Mind.
Grant O Lord, that we may so teach people
As ever to seek their protection in Thee.

19.   O Maidyomaha of the Spitama family, even as you,
The man who with wisdom, achieving insight into the Faith,
Shall dedicate his life through fruitful deeds to a better
existence for all,
And instruct them in the Laws of Truth and Right,
rdained by Mazda;
That man has indeed served the Great Cause!

20.   O ye all, working with one will,
Let Truth, Good Thought and Rightmindedness,
Through which you progress to perfection,
Bring to you the wished-for happiness!
O Mazda, awaiting this Bliss from Thee,
Our reverent homage we offer unto Thee!

21.   The man of devotion is beneficent to all.
He is beneficent because of his wisdom,
Because of his realization of truth,
Because of the goodness in his thoughts, in his
words, in his acts.
Unto him Ahura Mazda shall grant the Kingdom of
the Good Mind,
And verily, this blessing I too long for!

22.   The good persons of righteous worship,
Those who have been before and those who exist now,
Whom Ahura Mazda knowest well,
I invoke them in my prayers by their names,
And shall approach them with deep reverence.


Vahishto-Ishti Gatha

Yasna 53 

1.       The highest aspirations of Zarathushtra Spitama
attain fruition, O Mazda,
When thou dost grant him for his righteousness
Blissful existence enduring for all times;
When all, at last, turn to him
To accept and practice the principles of the Good Religion!

2.       Let them advance in thought, word, and deed
Toward the satisfaction of Mazda with reverential worship,
King Vishtaspa, Frashaoshtra, and the successors of
Zarathushtra Spitama.
May they teach all to keep to the established straight path,
Announced by the spiritual preceptors, and ordained by Ahura,

3.       To Pouruchista, scion of the clans of Haechataspa and Spitama,
Youngest of the daughters of Zarathushtra,
Grant the constant aid of the Good Mind,
The strong support of Thy Truth,
That she may take counsel with enlightened understanding,
And with devotion act well as wisdom may direct!

4.       (Pouruchista:)
Verily have I, as a righteous one, chosen him,
And shall honor father and husband,
And be righteous to nobles and peasants.
For righteousness let our heritage be the radiance of
the Good Mind,
May Mazda Ahura grant the blessing of the Good
Faith for all time!

5.       (Zarathushtra:)
These words do I address to you maidens who are
being married,
These counsels do I give to you, bridegrooms,
Heed them in your minds and lay them to heart.
Let each cherish the other with Righteousness.
Then surely the reward of a happy life shall be yours.

6.       This, indeed is the case, O ye men and women!
No happiness can be yours if the spirit of
Falsehood directs your lives.
Cast off from your selves the bonds that chain you
to Untruth.
Satisfaction linked with dishonor or with harm to
others is a prison for the seeker;
The faithless-evil bring sorrow to others and
destroy their own spiritual lives hereafter.

7.       O ye, men and women!
When faithful zeal inspires your life,
When tainted thoughts and intentions are rooted out,
When the evil within you is destroyed for ever,
Then shall the Blessed Reward be yours for the
Good Work.
And if you fail, "Alas, Alas" shall be your final words!

8.       Let the evil-doers stand foiled in their wish,
Let them be abandoned to confusion and ruin!
Let those of virtuous principles frustrate them,
prevent their harm,
And make way for the advent of happiness and
peace on our humble dwellings!
Let the Great Upholder of virtue bring the evil
to naught.
And let it be quick!

9.       The men of evil creed torment Thy followers, O Lord!
They set themselves to condemn the worthy, to
despise the good.
Where is the righteous lordship that will smite them
and deprive them of their freedom?
O Mazda, Thine is the sovereign Power
Whereby Thou shalt give the right-living and needy
their ultimate better portion!




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