Circle of Ancient Iranian Studies
Mobed Dr A. A. Jafari
THOUGHTS, GOOD WORDS, and GOOD DEEDS
is only one God, God of Subtle Wisdom, Ahura Mazda, continuous
creator, sustainer, and promoter of cosmos (Songs 8 and 9).
superstitious beliefs in false gods, goddesses and similar imaginary
beings, and in the performance of rituals to appease them should be
abandoned and all irrational ideas and practices should be given up
religion of Good Conscience, the Gathic name for the Zarathushtrian
religion, is universal and for all (Songs 9.10 and 17.1).
divine enlightenment (SERAOSHA) reveals many divine faculties which
lead to the understanding of the principles that form the cosmos, an
orderly universe. The most important are spenta mainyu, progressive
mentality, the divine faculty that creates, maintains, and promotes;
ASHA, righteousness, the universal law that precisely regulates every
move in the cosmos; VOHU MANAH, the wisdom behind every righteous
move; VOHU KHSHATHRA, good rule and the benevolent power that keeps
good order in the universe; ARAMAITI, serenity and tranquillity
acquired under a good rule and required to promote the cosmos;
HAURVATAT, wholeness and perfection achieved under tranquil
conditions; and AMERETAT, immortality and eternity attained through
wholeness. (These abstract principles form the main points of most of
the seventeen songs.)
universe has been created good and is orderly progressing towards
completion as intended by its Creator, Ahura Mazda (Songs 8 and 9).
has been endowed with the freedom of thought, word and deed, and has a
bright mind to discern between what is good and what is bad for human
society (Songs 3.2, 4.9,11,12).
being has two mentalities "spenta mainyu", progressive
mentality, and "angra mainyu", retarding mentality. The
progressive mentality helps him to improve himself and the world
around him. The retarding mentality harms him and the world. The wise
would, therefore, choose and promote the better mentality (Songs
human world on this earth is divided into two camps, the righteous and
the wrongful. The objective of the righteous should be to win over the
wrongful into the righteous camp and thus establish a good life for
all (Songs 3,4,10, and many more references).
is good can best be understood by studying nature, advancing
knowledge, harmonizing with all that is good and beneficial, and
promoting the environment - our human society and the rest of the
living world (Songs 7.3, 8.6, 9.12,13, 15.3).
may, if it chooses, develop all the above divine faculties and become
creative, in fact the renovator, maintainer and promoter of its
endowed environment, and become spiritually perfect and eternally
godlike (Songs 4.16, 8.3, 9.9, 13.3).
a person does not choose correctly, his world continues to be chaotic,
and he suffers the consequences until he adopts these divine
principles (Songs 8.5, 17.6,8,9).
or later humanity will correct itself and attain perfection and
eternal life (Song 10.7).
color, race, and nationality do not play any discriminatory part in
the universal message of Zarathushtra.
is its own savior. Each person, guided by a discerning "good
mind" and "good conscience," should work for the
betterment of self and fellow human beings and living the world (Songs
3 & 10).
and women are equal and enjoy the same rights in a free and
responsible society. Superiority lies in righteous deeds alone (Gatha
songs 3.2, 17,5, A Airyema Ishya, and Haptanghaiti songs 1.6, 5.3).
smallest unit of the humanity society is the family and the largest
unit the entire human world. All the units - home, town, state,
country, and world - should be united and bound together by love and
wisdom (Songs 4.16,18, 5.1, 6.3,4).
person should acquire and promote wisdom. Human society should be an
intellectual society consisting of selfless, devoted members (Songs
3.1, 4.6,17,19, 7.10).
human society should select only fully qualified persons of righteous
records and merits for both temporal and spiritual offices in a true
democratic environment, and thus establish the cherished and chosen
ruling system (Yatha Ahu, Songs 2 &16).
prime object of every person should be to make a better world in
spirit and body. Human society must progress. Every member must
persevere to promote it. (Songs 3.9, 7.5, 11.9, 13.11).
Good Religion is a "self-renovating" religion. Its
continuous progress with the advancing world makes it ever-fresh,
ever-modern. Modernization of thoughts, words and deeds, including
traditional practices and rites, should be the order of the day.
(Songs 3.9, 7.15, 11.19, 15.11)
and happiness come to the person who gives happiness to others without
discrimination whatsoever. An enlightened and happy life is what every
person needs to achieve and spread (Song 8.1).
help a person to communicate with God. They are invigorating, guiding,
and satisfying. They help to experience the divine love. One may pray
whenever, wherever, and in whatever state one feels the urge to
communicate with God. One may do it alone or in the company of others.
Prayers may be said in silent meditation, in a few words, in long
lines, in prose or poetry, recited loud and sweetly. They may be said
plainly or with simple rituals that would help the person feel
elevated in their experience (This is repeated throughout the Gathas)
is the Light on the Path to Future"
British Institute of Persian Studies