The Circle of Ancient Iranian Studies
31 December 1998
Persepolis Inscriptions Reveal New Facts
TEHRAN -- The clay inscriptions discovered in Persepolis reveal that male and female construction workers who were employed to build the beautiful and giant palace were given foodstuffs such as wheat and barley as their wages.
According to the Public Relations Department of the Cultural Heritage Organization, certain groups of workers were headed by women, and those women who gave birth to healthy children were awarded horses and camels. According to Dr. Abdolmajid Arfaei, a well-known Ilamologist, the translation of some 30,000 inscriptions discovered in Persepolis indicate that they were bills, receipts and financial and accounting reports.
The contents of the inscriptions indicate that at the time of King Darius of Achaemenid Dynasty, there was a very accurate administrative system in the country and that the Achaemenids were interested in registering documents and keeping archives.
The old inscriptions which date back to the years 13-28 of Darius ruling show that there were some 700 cities in the region between Neiriz in Fars Province and Khouzestan Province. The inscriptions also reveal that the construction workers were paid a fixed salary and that they came from different parts of the country to work on the Persepolis project. Referring to the presence of women workers in the project, Arfaei said that there was no segregation between men and women in the work groups and sometimes the head of a work group was a woman who supervised other men and women workers in the group.
The inscriptions also indicate that at the time of Darius, there was no inflation in society, but due to some reasons there were some changes in the wages at that time. Arfaei further noted that the inscriptions are also rich sources of Iranian names which are written in Ilami, adding that the inscriptions also inform the researchers about the employment systems in Iran.
Sunday, 13 December 1998
Cemetery Discovered in Kerman
Monday, 07 December 1998
for Discovering ancient City Started in
search operations in Jazmourian District to
identify the archaeological site of Mian Kouhi
and the ancient city of Poura, which has been
the capital city of Gedrouzia state, started
from November. The region has been a meeting
point of dialogue among civilizations and the
ancient culture (about 250 BC). Jazmourian
region, located around the Jazmourian
marshlands, 400 km southeast of Kerman, is
known as the Mian Kouhi (between the
Monday, 30 November 1998
Oldest Metal Flag Eroded
to the Public Relations Department of the
Cultural Heritage Organization, the flag found
in a cemetery in Shahdad near Loot Desert in
1971, has been kept in the Central Treasury of
Historical and Archaeological relics. The flag
which is made of metal, has been eroded by
environmental factors when it was buried in
June 27, 1998
Saturday, 20 June 1998
Items of ancient Iranian Civilizations
Many other items such as Kole Shin Moana and Mahmoodabad also exhibited in the museum of the province's capital, Orumiyeh. The two tablets are among the few very valuable and uniquely significant ones discovered in western and southwestern parts of the province in recent years.
They belong to a civilization which existed in Iran over 3000 years ago and are in cuneiform coming in many dialects currently spoken at that time. According to the official, the historical items which had recently been unearthed during archaeological operations in the province's historical site of Takht-e Soleyman were also displayed in the museum of the town of Miandoab.
The relics and items found in Takht-e Soleyman include various kinds of clay dishes, tiles, coins and warriors' possessions which belong to Sasanid and Mongul eras, he further noticed. Qorbani added that three demography exhibitions were also held separately in provincial towns showing the garments used by different tribes living in the province as well as their handicrafts. There are four museums in West Azarbaijan Province of which Orumiyeh's is the second richest in the country.
Tuesday, 16 June 1998
Artefact Smugglers Nabbed in Ilam Prov.
11 May 1998
OLDEST HOUSED IN LOWER PERSIAN GULF DISCOVERED: POSSIBLY 6,000 YEARS OLD
Results were revealed last week of a short season of archaeological excavations on the island of Dalma which have uncovered what are believed to be the oldest houses ever found in the Lower Persian Gulf. The work was undertaken by Dr. Joseph Elders and Mark Beech of the Abu Dhabi Islands Archaeological Survey, ADIAS.
The Dalma site was first identified in 1992, and had previously yielded evidence of human occupation dating back to the Late Stone Age. A short season of work by ADIAS has revealed traces of houses from the Late Stone Age.
The presence of imported 'Ubaid pottery from Mesopotamia and flint tools suggested that the houses date back to over 6,000 years BP, the first time that houses dating to this period have been identified in the Lower Persian Gulf in what is today UAE. On the basis of present information, therefore, Dalma was the site of the oldest village yet found in the area.
At least one round house, 7.0 metres in diameter, was identified. The cobbled floor and traces of the wooden posts which supported the walls and roof could be clearly identified. The quality of the construction suggested that their inhabitants may have lived on Dalma for most of the year, rather than just being occasional visitors, the first evidence of permanent Late Stone Age settlement in the Emirates.
Since by that time Dalma was already an island, this pottery is also the earliest evidence yet discovered of maritime trade in the area. A large amount of sherds from broken cooking and storage vessels was found in and around the house, including a small amount of fine quality imported pottery from the 'Ubaid civilisation in southern Mesopotamia.
The greater part of the sherds found during the excavations consisted, however, of 'white wares.' These were locally-produced pots made of plaster (gypsum), with simple black-stripe decoration, copying designs of the 'Ubaid originals from Mesopotamia, but using locally-available material.
These are the earliest vessels known to have been made in the area, and have no known parallels anywhere else in the Persian Gulf. Stone tools found included knives, drills, scrapers, chisels and arrowheads. A large number of waste flint flakes were also found, indicating that the tools were made by the inhabitants of the settlement. Other finds included a number of beads and stone disks, some of which were perforated, suggesting that they might have been used as fishing net or loom weights. The greatest number of finds consisted of the refuse of food consumed by the occupants of the settlement.
Evidence in the form of bones and shells indicated that fishing, the gathering of shellfish and hunting, as well as animal husbandry, formed the basis for the economy of the early inhabitants of Dalma. Fish provided the bulk of the diet. Important species included the grouper (hamour), needlefish, seabreams and tuna. Sharks and rays were also regularly consumed, some being very large.
Work being carried out by Mark Beech as part of his doctoral thesis at the University of York in the UK, and with the support of The British Council, suggests that some of the hamour were up to a metre in length, suggesting a surprising degree of sophistication in fishing techniques.
Other marine resources which were exploited included sea urchins, crabs, marine turtle, dolphin and dugong. Gazelle and Socotra Cormorant also appear to have been occasionally exploited, while a small quantity of bones from domesticated sheep and goat were also recovered from the site. Large amounts of shells, representing refuse from the consumption of shellfish, were also found. These consisted mostly of pearl oysters, turban shells and clams.
The Dalma excavations have revealed for the first time a detailed picture of life in mid part of Lower Persian Gulf what is today Abu Dhabi around 6,000 years ago. Further studies will be carried out on the finds, while samples will be submitted for radiocarbon dating to try to establish a more exact date for the settlement.
This year's work shows that the Dalma site is one of the most important of its kind anywhere in in ancient iRanian land as well as Lower Persian Gulf. Much more work remains to be done and the whole site covers an area of at least 100 metres by 80 metres, and it will take several years to excavate it fully and to study the remains.
Wednesday, 22 April 1998
Cemetery Unearthed in Northern Iran
Saturday, 14 March 1998
Belonging to 6,000 B.C. Unearthed
of the archaeologists' team in charge of the
excavation operations, Mohammad Rahim Sarraf,
said the discoveries revealed remains of
workshops used in melting of metals in the
region. It also disclosed many secrets about
the history of the old civilizations in
Iranian Plateau in ancient times.
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