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Parthian castle Discovered in Khvarvaran Province


News Category: Parthian Dynasty

 02 March 2000



Iraqi archaeologists recently announced that they have discovered a castle that dates to the late Parthian and early Sasanian of Iranian periods.  The Parthians and the Sasanians dynastic empires were the heirs of the Achaemenid empire who controlled all parts of Mesopotamia from the seventh century B.C. to the seventh century A.D.   The Arab Muslims defeated the Sasanians-Iran and conquered all the Iranian land including Khvarvaran province (today known as Iraq) in ca. 650 A.D. and most of the peoples of Iran converted to the Muslim religion and.


The castle was found in Babil province in southern today Iraq, about 60 miles south of Baghdad.  Many items from the late Persian period were found at the site including jars, statues, and coins. It is very likely that the castle was designed to protect the region against the incursions of the Romans who controlled the west bank of the Euphrates River and who frequently attacked the Iranians.


Many historians today believe that the centuries-long, very-destructive wars between the Iranians and the Eastern Roman so weakened both empires that the Arab Muslims had a relatively easy time in conquering the entire Middle East. 



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