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Discovery of a new part in the most ancient known site in Dasht Gorgan


News Category: Prehistory

 04 April 2001



During the excavation of Agh Tapeh, the most ancient known site of central plateau of Iran in the vicinity of Dasht Gorgan and Golestan Province, a new part is discovered that according to Sadegh Malek Shahmirzadi, the head of the archaeological group belongs to some 7000 years ago.

The public relation of cultural inheritance organization reported that there are several ancient places in the vicinity of the dam on lake of Glolestan that are under the threat of turning to an island or being seriously damaged and destroyed as the result of the dam making operations. The aim of the present archaeological operation is to save these ancient sites and prevent their further destruction.

Shahmirzadi said: 'the discovered sites belong to the period of Zagheh approximately 7200 years ago and the period of Chesmeh Ali some 7000 years ago. The discovered sites also include the remainders of a part of a graveyard belonging to the first millenium before Christ. It seems that the first inhabitants of this place used the surface of a natural hill that covered less than half hectare in 7200 years ago as their living place and subsisted on agricultural and animal husbandry products. 

On the other hand, archaeological studies on the pottery works found show that the inhabitant of Cheshmeh Ali's period (some 7000 years ago) had also the same mode of subsistence.

Also the archaeological evidences of another ancient hill of this region called Zaegh Atar show that the inhabitants had moved to this natural hill one millenium before Christ and the constructions they left behind were then used in the different eras of Achaemenid, Partian, Sassanian and even the early periods of Islam by different groups. Another hill called Chakar Ata located near the lake of Golestan is also on the verge of destruction because of the penetration of the lake's water into the root of the hill and any kind of exploration or divination could be quite dangerous.



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