08 August 2001
Tehran, Some 37 pieces of the latest archaeological artifacts
discovered at Aaq-Tappeh Dome in Golestan province are
showcased in the archaeological section of Gorgan Museum.
Based on a report published by the Persian daily Iran, the collection
on display comprises bowls, dishes, ceramic spindle heads, and
stone tools dating back to the iron age and the 6th millennium B.C.
According to the Director General of Golestan province Cultural
Heritage Organization (CHO), Aaq-Tappeh and Daneq-Aataa
are two mounds located 15 kms to the northeast of the city of
Gonbad-e Kavous in Golestan province, which may be reached
through a rural route.
The two archaic mounds are located close to the south of Gorgan
historical wall, where some archaeological excavations were
conducted last year.
Meanwhile, Golestan dam set up in the same area without coordination
with CHO authorities damaged parts of the archaic mounds by filling it
up with water. Pumping water through the excavated brooks partially
demolished the walls.
Regretfully, though building dams may resolve the shortage of water in
some areas, the resulting damage to the cultural heritage
After 40 years spent by a British archaeological team to conduct
research on the pre-historic cultures in the area, examine and
excavate the Yaarim-Tappeh, this is CHO's first excavation in
Earlier, archaeologists including the French Jacques de Morgan,
the Swedish T.J. Arne, the Mohammad Yousef Kiani, a Japanese
archaeological group headed by professor H. Shoimi, and Labbaf
Khatiki have surveyed the area.
The one-month excavation of Aaq-Tappeh conducted in October
2000 was aimed at collecting and saving the cultural information with
respect to setting up the Golestan dam.
During the conducted excavation, it was revealed that Aaq-Tappeh
marks the villagers' settlement in rural areas, as well as the outset
of food production through agriculture and cattle raising, while their
other needs were supplied through hunting and collecting.
The head of an archaeological group Saadeq Shahmirzadi said,
"Around 7,200 years ago some tribes got settled at Aaq-Tappeh,
whose constructed monuments were ruined 100-150 years later
He added that the conducted excavations show that around 4,000
years after the first tribes' settlment in the area, it was used as
graveyard by other tribes, which ended up in their demolition.
According to the examination of the archaeological layers, four
cultural periods have been identified in Aaq-Tappeh, including
the period of Deep Plateau, the period of Archaic Plateau
marked by Cheshmeh-Ali ceramics, the cultural period of the
first millennium, and the Achaemenian period.
Meanwhile, during the conducted archaeological excavations,
among the 23 discovered skeletons, the antiquity of 17 reach
7,000 years, while the rest belong to the individuals buried during
the period of Archaic Plateau.
The recent excavations were open to public, and many visitors
were allowed to watch the excavation process closely, and once
the excavations were completed, the archaic Aaq-Tappeh area
went under CHO protection.