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A First-century Parthian Period Building Unearthed from Lower Persian Gulf



Friday 02 February 2001



A huge square building dating back to the Parthian period of first century AD has been unearthed by the archaeological expedition at Meleiha site.  


The 3,600 square meter building contained a large number of jars, ceramics, glassware, bronze and iron items plus pottery which had originated in Egypt, Khwarvaran province (what id today known as Iraq) and India. The significance of such findings is that they shed light on the development of trade between the southern region of Iranian empire region and these countries.

The building has huge walls and the whole structure was surrounded by a two-meter thick wall. The huge wall had eight square towers. The building contained a chain of chambers, each used for a specific purpose, including one as a kitchen and another as a storage for household items.

The building had a huge square in the center with a total area of 1,050 square meter. Most of the pottery was found in the chambers in the eastern and southern parts of the building, while the wall of one room on the southern part of the building contained a small canal used to drain water to the square in the middle of the building.

Stairs leading to the upper part of the building were located on the northern part of the building. It stretched from the main entrance to the huge fort.   The building was part of a huge fort unearthed in 1992. 


Unfortunately, excavation stopped in 1995 as a big part of the fort was hidden under the highway connecting Dhaid with Madam.  Excavation resumed in 1998 and a joint team of local and French archaeologists will continue excavating.




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