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Restoration Work on A Collection of Invaluable Relics from "Burnt City" Has Been Completed



Sunday 18 March 2001



Tehran -- The Cultural Heritage Organization here Saturday announced that restoration work on a collection of invaluable relics unearthed in the ancient "Burnt City" by archaeological excavation teams over the past two years has been completed.


The restoration of a 5,000-year-old ancient establishment situated in the southeastern border province of Sistan-Baluchestan was conducted by experts of the research enter for the preservation and rehabilitation of historical-cultural relics.   

During the restoration period, research studies were also conducted on the historical collection which comprises 80 pieces of clay, wooden and metal pots.  Experts believe that the thick layer of salt which covers almost all the unearthed objects prevented the growth of biological decomposing agents during the thousands of years when they remained under subsoil.                                                       

The invaluable collection are to be put on public display on the sidelines of an international conference on archaeology set to be held in southeastern Iran sometime in the next Iranian calendar year (starting March 21). 

Archaeologists have unearthed scores of graves during excavation work conducted on the Burnt City, the largest and most ancient of historical sites in the Middle East. Objects found inside the graves are indicative of the living conditions of those interred.  Various industrial and residential units, as well as cemeteries and monumental relics, litter its 151-hectare area.                  


Archaeologists last year discovered human settlements in the city which is over 1000 square meters in area and includes 400 meters of excavated territory.  According to Mansour Sajjadi, the head of the archaeological team, the discovery of hundreds of human and animal clay figurines lends further proof to the belief that the place was once used as a temple site.                                                         

The figurines, measuring 8 to 10 centimeters in length, were discovered scattered individually or in groups in their burial sites.  Experts believe that the discovery of a large number of seals and mathematical calculation devices in the site proves that it was, in addition to being a religious place, used as a center for economic activities.  

The signs of earliest human civilization, first revealed in the Burnt City in 3200 B.C., remained intact until 2100-2000 B.C. and during the four successive periods of history.      


Source: IRNA




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