12 June 2002
TEHRAN- The Hekmataneh
hill which is located in the chains of Alvand Mountain slope and the south east of Hamedan, is full of untold secrets about Iran's sparkling history.
This 3000-year-old hill has buried the secrets of Iran's first kingdom and the greatness of the Iranian's rich and ancient civilization in itself.
Beneath vast layers of the soil which make up this hill, a city called Hekmataneh
also known as Hegmataneh, and Ecbatana is buried. This city which was Iranians first capital city, which was established by the order of King Diâoco, of the Median
dynasty (728-550 BCE).
This city was made as a surrounding location for preventing the attacks of the foreigners and enemies. Therefore it was built in seven layers and in different colors and now only a hill has remained of it.
The first buildings of this city and its citadel were established at the time of
King Diaoco and then it was completed by his successor Khashtariteh and this building reached its height when Kiakasar was the king.
It is known that Hekmataneh was attractive in Achaemenid's kingdom and in fact it was the capital of the kings at summertime.
The French researcher and archeologist Grishman who has studied the gold and silver plaques discovered from this era about Hekmataneh Hill which belong to Darius and his antecedents believes that after the Achaemenids dynasty's domination over the country, this city remained safe and even Cyrus the Great transferred all of the documents to this city.
The buildings remaining from Achaemenids era in Hekmataneh
Hill includes some stone pieces such as pillars which are all like Persepolis buildings.
They reveal that great palaces were once built in this place.
After the overthrow of Achaemenid dynasty, the ancient city of Hekmataneh became under the control of
Seleucid invaders, and later Iranian dynasties of Parthians and Sasanian. The discovered coins of Sasanian era reveal that Hekmataneh was one of the main mints of that era.
The documents show that despite the attacks and the interference and possessions made in the ancient citadel of Hekmataneh city during pre-Islam era and also till 882CE, it was still utilized over a period of 1600 years.
Since Hekmataneh was a prominent city during
Achaemenids dynastic era, and the Arab invaders considered the opening of this city in 666 to be their greatest victory after the conquest of Nahavand and their victory over the Sasanians.
The surviving monuments of Hekmataneh Hill include some parallel routes and passages which are located by 36m from each other, each one of them has 3.5 width and in the distance between some buildings were made.
The monuments and artefacts discovered from Hekmataneh Hill gold plaques which date back to Aryans, Darius the Great and Darius II, silver plaque dating back to Darius the Great, a fragment of a silver dish which dates back to Xerxes, plates and silver cups from Artaxerxes I and the stand of a stone pillar which holds the name of Artaxerxes II along with a lot of jewellery.
Some archaeologists believe that these artefacts are among the precious materials which were hidden by Darius III in Hekmataneh Citadel when Alexander
the Macedonian warlord attacked there and on the other hand when Alexander got his hand on the monuments of Persepolis, he transferred them to Hekmataneh.
After the discovery of many different pottery, stone made and also metal made objects belonging to different ancient eras, they were put to display for the public.
The Head of Hamedan Touring and Tourism Organization Rashid-Beigi announced:" By now Hekmataneh Hill has been excavated for 11 times and in near future the 12th excavation of this location will be started. The monuments and precious artefacts
discovered from Hekmataneh are now kept in the temporary Hekmataneh Museum located in the ancient building of Parvaresh School in the east side of the hill for the visit of the public."
According to him during the past year over 72000 domestic and 360 foreign tourists visited this ancient and historical monument.
Hamedan which is a cultural and historical province enjoys over 1000 historical and ancient monuments belonging to different eras.
Source: Tehran Times