TEHRAN -- The discovery, in the excavations of the
Burnt City, of two fretwork combs dating back to
more than 5,000 years ago, has altered the
hypothesis suggesting that was created in China
and then conveyed to Iran during Safavid dynasty.
the sidelines of an international archaeological
conference in Iran, Dr. Mansour Seyed-Sajjadi,
archaeologist and the excavator of the Burnt City
said, "On the blank handle of the comb
fretwork figures have been installed, which are
similar to the patterns and stairs drawn on the
first period of settlement in the Burnt City
(dating back to Bronze Age in 5,000 years ago).
unearthed in different archaeological excavations
show that the Burnt City was a prosperous, large
city some 5 millennia ago. Now, after all these
eons, it is a mound 57km south of Zabol, 8 to 12
meters high and covering an area of 2.5sq.km, in
the shape of a triangle as seen from air.
Excavation work on the Burnt City was initiated
in 1967 when Professor Maurizzio Tosi and his
colleagues joined hands with Iranian
archaeologists. Later, in 1988-89, excavations
were resumed by Dr. Sajjadi under the auspices of
the Cultural Heritage Organization.
outcome of the research so far is reflected in 170
books and papers in Persian, English, Italian,
Japanese, German, and Spanish, all of which have
been contributed to an immense change in the
theories regarding human civilization.
to the excavations and researches, the Burnt City
has come to be known as one of the most important
proofs of the independence of the eastern part of
Iran from Mesopotamia.
based on relics found in Burnt City buried
unscathed under layers of salt and nitrate,
archaeologists have come across objects such as
rope, basket, cloth, insect larva, fingernails and
hair, seldom remaining in other archaeological
of the prominent relics found in the Burnt City
is a skull that according to the anthropological
studies, is the first evidence of brain surgeries
in prehistoric Iran.