Circle of Ancient Iranian Studies
Firouzabad, located 100
kms south of the Fars province capital of Shiraz in
southern Iran, is one of the most attractive and at the
same time little known Iranian tourist towns.
Alexander of Macedonia destroyed the city. Centuries
later, Emperor Ardeshir, the founder of the Sassanid
dynasty, revived the city before it was ransacked in the
Firouzabad is situated in a low land compared to its
surroundings. Alexander drowned the city by directing
the flow of a river into the city, turning it to a lake
that remained for a few centuries until Ardeshir drained
the water by building a tunnel, founding a new city in
The new city was named “Kuh Ardeshir” or “Ardeshir
Khoreh” after the Emperor. The city was destroyed in
the Arab invasion before it was revived in the reign of
Azadol-doleh of the Deylamid dynasty who overpowered the
Arab caliphs and began developing areas left in ruin by
the Arab occupiers.
Since then the city was named Firouzabad. Among the
attractions in the city are the Dokhtar castle, the
Sassanid palace, the fire temple tower and the remains
of the Gur city.
The Dokhtar castle is located on a mountain slope near
the Firouzabad-Shiraz way. Despite damages sustained by
the castle, its majesty still produces awe in its
The people of Firouzabad are mostly from the Qashqai
tribe. They used to live beside the Amudarya river
before fleeing Genghiz Khan to Fars.
The 1800-year-old castle has lost some four meters of
its height over the last century and experts warn if
urgent measures are not taken to restore it, the castle
may soon be gone for ever.
is the Light on the Path to Future"
British Institute of Persian Studies