A joint Iranian-Australian team doing
research in two historical hills in the southern Fars
province has come up with amazing results regarding the
sequence of the living of various ethnic groups in the
The researchers have discovered ten pre-Achaemenid
historical periods in the Tal Espid and Nurabad hills by
deciphering an Elamite inscription, translated by the
noted German archeologist Hertzfeld some 80 years ago.
Located in western Fars province, the two hills have
provided evidence which suggest the existence of a
regular, uninterrupted historical sequence, stretching
from 7 millennium BC to the Sassanid era.
The experts hope they can identify new pottery
traditions in the historical and cultural areas of the
Fars and neighboring Khuzestan provinces by carrying out
comparative and analytical studies.
Head of the Iranian team said they have made significant
discoveries as to the cultural sequence of the area.
"These historical periods have been named after the
Marvdasht periods which include Juy, Mushaki, Bakun A,
Bakun B, Gap, Lepuyi, Banshan, Kaftari, Qale',
Chaqateimuran, Achaemenid, Arsacid and Sassanid
respectively," Kurosh Rustai noted.
Rustai remarked studies in the area started based on an
Elamite inscription translated by Hertzfeld. He
published the result of his work but there is no
information now as to the whereabouts of the
The Australian expedition from the University of Sydney
has sent some plant seeds found in the area back to
Australian for further research.
Iranian archeologist Marjan Mashkur based in France is
scheduled to carry out research on bones unearthed in
the area in Tehran in September.
Covering an area of 5 hectares and standing at some 23
meters high, the Nurabad hill is considered one of the
biggest and highest historical hills in the area.
Apart from the last two excavations seasons carried out
recently, the area was studied only once in the 50's by
a Japanese expedition.