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Amazing Finds Made at Two Historical Hills in Fars Province




19 July 2003

A joint Iranian-Australian team doing research in two historical hills in the southern Fars province has come up with amazing results regarding the sequence of the living of various ethnic groups in the area.

The researchers have discovered ten pre-Achaemenid historical periods in the Tal Espid and Nurabad hills by deciphering an Elamite inscription, translated by the noted German archeologist Hertzfeld some 80 years ago.

Located in western Fars province, the two hills have provided evidence which suggest the existence of a regular, uninterrupted historical sequence, stretching from 7 millennium BC to the Sassanid era.

The experts hope they can identify new pottery traditions in the historical and cultural areas of the Fars and neighboring Khuzestan provinces by carrying out comparative and analytical studies.

Head of the Iranian team said they have made significant discoveries as to the cultural sequence of the area.

"These historical periods have been named after the Marvdasht periods which include Juy, Mushaki, Bakun A, Bakun B, Gap, Lepuyi, Banshan, Kaftari, Qale', Chaqateimuran, Achaemenid, Arsacid and Sassanid respectively," Kurosh Rustai noted.

Rustai remarked studies in the area started based on an Elamite inscription translated by Hertzfeld. He published the result of his work but there is no information now as to the whereabouts of the inscription.

The Australian expedition from the University of Sydney has sent some plant seeds found in the area back to Australian for further research.

Iranian archeologist Marjan Mashkur based in France is scheduled to carry out research on bones unearthed in the area in Tehran in September.

Covering an area of 5 hectares and standing at some 23 meters high, the Nurabad hill is considered one of the biggest and highest historical hills in the area.

Apart from the last two excavations seasons carried out recently, the area was studied only once in the 50's by a Japanese expedition.



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