Built during early centuries of the
Islamic period, castles on western edge of Zagros
mountain range form a chain overlooking the western
passages and providing full protection for the region.
Architectural style, materials used and location of the
castles are quite identical and all are made of stone
and plaster. The surrounding watch towers, guard rooms,
and other facilities are also similar, said Habibollah
Mahmoudian, a researcher on historical castles of
The research on three specific castles, Shahagh, Chevar,
and Kharfeh mountain protection wall reveals that the
border castles constitute a barrier between the mountain
and plain below and connect southern sector to the
north. The passages within the region are under full
surveillance of castles.
Shahagh castle in the south, Changouleh, Malek Shahi,
Meymeh, Kharfeh, Esmaeel Khan Chevar, Serni castles and
Kooshk castle in the Ilam province make a security belt
which stretch to Yazd Gerd castle in west of the
The castles under the study are
located between central plateau of Iran and Mesopotamia.