The pre-historic people in southwestern Iran were the
first to use oil derivatives, notes an Iranian researcher.
Writing in the latest issue of quarterly Asar, Mohammad
Reza Zahedi said use of oil derivatives, in particular tar
and asphalt, in the Near East goes back to pre-historic
People living southwest of the Iranian plateau used
natural tar found in abundance in the area since Neolithic
era for various purposes, including plastering utensils,
room floor and walls, he remarked. “Natural tar was a
unique material used even for medical purposes, such as
treating many infectious diseases and rheumatoid pain,”
Zahedi pointed out.
The material found wide application during the Elamite
period. It was mingled with sand, minerals and plants to
yield a highly pliable stuff, used to make a variety of
objects like utensils, beads, ornamentals and others.