recent archaeological excavations in the Gilan province, 60
archaic sites representing ancient civilizations were
unearthed in Farab Amaloui district on the outskirts of
Announcing this, Director General of the Gilan province
Cultural Heritage Department Mojtaba Taqavi told IRNA here
on Wednesday that in the recent research excavations, archaeologists discovered 60 ancient sites, which are
eligible for registration.
"A cave, a prehistorical rocky hideaway, a hill
covered by residences, ancient graveyards and a number of
archaic monuments were identified and surveyed," he
Taqavi said that the archaeologists came across thousands
of ancient objects, which are currently being examined.
He said that the objects belonging to the Medes and Achaemenid
civilizations dating back to the first millennium BC are
of high cultural, national and research value.
Experts believe that the antiquity of the recent
discoveries consisting of swords, bayonets, arrow heads,
coins, rings, earthenware and household tools date back to
the early civilizations in the province.
According to specialists, assessment of the recently
obtained artifacts, has opened a new source of information
for the researchers of Iranian ancient civilization, given
that they elucidate the ancient Iranian customs,
traditions and lifestyle.
Surveys and discoveries made in recent archaeological
excavations show that the civilizations which developed on
the southern coastline of the Caspian Sea date back at
least to 3,000-4,000 years BC.
The unearthed artifacts consist of ceramic, tin, iron and
glass ware and decorative gray glossy beads. The
geometrical designs carved into some objects manifest
special customs and cults of the era.
Moreover, some of the discovered objects, which are
covered with a combination of several animals integrated
into one another as a single creature, such as one with a
dog's head, sheep's body and donkey's ear, represent the
beliefs and customs of the era.
The metal objects are mostly a combination of iron and tin
decorative ringlets making bracelets, earrings and ancient
armaments consisting of swords, knives and daggers.