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Entrance to the Tus Ancient Fortress Discovered


News Category:

Islamic Period

News Location:

 Khorasân Province

 03 October 2003



CAIS - The fourth season of excavation in the Tabaran ancient fortress located near Tus in the northeastern Iranian province of Khorasan was completed in the wake of discovering the main entrance of the fortress, a turning point in the history of excavations in this site.

Aiming at finding answers to the previous questions remaining unanswered during the previous phases of the excavation works in this historical site, the fourth season had started in the late June.

“The whereabouts of the entrance of the fortress has always been one of the perplexing puzzles about this ancient fortress which has finally been solved by its discovery”, said Saberi, the head of the excavation team.

Considering the architectural features of the fortress, he said the structure is a wide area with a floor covered by stone, the construction of which has been completed and renovated in different Islamic eras from the Sasanian to Ilkhanid periods.

He went on to say that the main entrance of the ancient fortress discovered in the fourth season has two towers on the two sides and a platform-like area in front of the entrance where a cantilever bridge likely existed, given the existence of a trench in the back.

In the previous seasons of excavation conducted in the Tus fortress, a government citadel and a wide round shaped area have been found where it seems to have been the prison of the citadel.

The Tabaran ancient fortress used to be the main resident of the governor of Tus in the Samanids era up to the Ilkhanid era. Mud bricks and bricks are the construction material of the fortress.

The historical site of the Tus project is one of the permanent research centers of the Cultural Heritage Organization.



The City of Tus

The city of Tus was named after an Avestan warrior called 'Tūsa', who on judgment day will reappear to assist Saoshiyant in spreading justice in the world. Shahnameh names him as the son of King Nowdhar/Nozar (av. Noortara) of the Pishdādiān dynasty, who led an army during the war with the Turanians (Kushan Empire). According to Shahnameh he was nominated to become the king but the 'consul of the wise-men', did not consider him a suitable candidate to ascend to the throne. Shahnameh also states, he was captured and killed by Afrasiab, the Turanian king.

It is believed that during the Parthian and Sasanian dynastic eras, the city was also called Tūsa, which some claim in the earlier time, during the Achaemenid dynasty was called Sūsiā. However, if we consider the origin of the name of the city to be Avestan, it is possibly a noun of the verb tus-, meaning 'to start up'.





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