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Experts Probe Historical Defensive Gorgan Wall


News Category:

Sasanian Dynasty

18 October 2003 




Archaeologists have begun a third season of excavation in a defensive wall built around the city of Gorgan, the capital of the northern province of Golestan. Dubbed red snake, the wall runs 200 km around the city.

Last year, remains of a structure were discovered where the wall meets the Gorgan Rud river and the new studies are aimed in part to shed light on them, head of the archaeological team said.

Jebreil Nokandeh said the wall was crucial in terms of defensive capabilities, having been built in the reign of the Sasanians at the same time that the great wall in china was erected. “The red snake was designed to prevent the invasion by the northern tribes,” he added.

Some 22 archaeological experts with botanical, mapping and zoological orientations are involved in the current excavations season.

Over the previous study seasons, archaeologists have managed to find defensive barriers, bridges and 33 castles along the wall.

The wall is made of red bricks 20x20x10 cm in size. The width of the wall is 10 meters in plains and 2.5 meters in mountains.

Given its red bricks and length which spirals through plains and mountains, the local people tend to call the wall " the red snake".



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