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CAIS ARCHAEOLOGICAL & CULTURAL NEWS©

 

Urmia (Urumiyeh), the Cradle of Civilization

 

News Category:

Prehistory

 25 October 2003

 

Satelite Picture of Lake Urmia

 

 

The city of Urmia (Orumiyeh), in northwest of Iran, is considered one of the ancient cities of the country and a cradle of civilization.

The diggings in the ancient ruins around Urmia led to the discovery of utensils, some of which date back to some 2000 years B.C.

Also research by Professor Minorski shows that there have been villages in the Urmia plain some 2000 years B.C., with their civilization under the influence of Van nation.

In the ancient times, the west bank of Urmia lake was called Gilzan, and in the ninth century B.C. an independent government ruled there which later joined the Urartu or Mana empire; in the eight century B.C., the area was a vassal of the Asuzh government until it joined the Mad empire after its formation.

All and all, according to historical documents, the western part of the Urmia lake has been a center of attention of the prehistoric nations, the evidence of which are the numerous ancient hills in the area, such as Gouy Tapeh, 6 kilometers southeast of the lake which competes with the oldest hills of Mesopotamia, Asia the Minor, and Iran Plateau.

Many old Islamic historians have acknowledged Urmia as the birthplace of prophet Zoroaster, but this has been rejected by Iranologists and linguists.

The claim that the area was the birthplace of Zoroaster, or even the burial site of one or two of the Zoroastrian priests who allegedly traveled to Bethlehem for Christ’s birth indicate that the city has been one of the largest religious and scientific centers of the ancient times.

 

 

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"History is the Light on the Path to Future"

 

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