Circle of Ancient Iranian Studies
& CULTURAL NEWS©
(Urumiyeh), the Cradle of Civilization
Picture of Lake Urmia
The city of Urmia (Orumiyeh), in
northwest of Iran, is considered one of the ancient
cities of the country and a cradle of civilization.
The diggings in the ancient ruins around Urmia led to
the discovery of utensils, some of which date back to
some 2000 years B.C.
Also research by Professor Minorski shows that there
have been villages in the Urmia plain some 2000 years
B.C., with their civilization under the influence of Van
In the ancient times, the west bank of Urmia lake was
called Gilzan, and in the ninth century B.C. an
independent government ruled there which later joined
the Urartu or Mana empire; in the eight century B.C.,
the area was a vassal of the Asuzh government until it
joined the Mad empire after its formation.
All and all, according to historical documents, the
western part of the Urmia lake has been a center of
attention of the prehistoric nations, the evidence of
which are the numerous ancient hills in the area, such
as Gouy Tapeh, 6 kilometers southeast of the lake which
competes with the oldest hills of Mesopotamia, Asia the
Minor, and Iran Plateau.
Many old Islamic historians have acknowledged Urmia as
the birthplace of prophet Zoroaster, but this has been rejected
by Iranologists and linguists.
The claim that the area was the birthplace of Zoroaster,
or even the burial site of one or two of the
Zoroastrian priests who allegedly traveled to Bethlehem for Christ’s
birth indicate that the city has been one of the largest
religious and scientific centers of the ancient times.
is the Light on the Path to Future"
British Institute of Persian Studies