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Secrets of Ziviyeh Fortress to be Revealed


News Category: Prehistory

02 September 2003 



The most outstanding monument of the Median dynasty will undergo its 12th season of excavations which is expected to lead to the identification of the entrances of the Ziviyeh fortress, located southeast of Saghez, in the western province of Kurdestan.

Simin Lakpour and her archeological team will excavate the area eyeing two goals: “In the previous phases, some main passages of the fortress were found, and in this season we intend to connect different parts of the passages and finally find the entrance map of the fortress. Entering it will give away many untold secrets. “Preservation and organization of the parts discovered in the previous excavations is the other goal followed in the twelfth season.”

Discoveries made in the previous excavations include some important parts in the Ziviyeh fortress. Also some evidence was found that shows the monument has once been two-storied. Unfortunately due to the depreciation of the building, not much remains of the second story rooms.

Another discovery of the previous researches has been the stone paved area in the western doorway which includes a staircase. There is a dais in the northern part of the fortress between the altitude of 90 and 100 meters, exactly on top of the hill and in the citadel of the fortress. The facilities of the area include rooms, passages, staircases, and a columned hall.

At the southeastern part of the columned hall there is a doorway that connects it to a stone paved trapezium passage at the end of the entrance staircase. At the eastern part of the trapeze, four rooms exist which were built with mud and clay to prevent it from destruction.

In the beginning of the twelfth season of excavations, the Ziviyeh hill still has so many things untold and according to Lakpour, the number of the necessary excavation seasons to complete the research is yet unclear.

In order to carry out more studies on the history of Ziviyeh, recently a permanent research center was set up near the fortress.

Ziviyeh hill is located 45 kilometers southeast of Saghez, north of a village with the same name. It covers an area of 800 meter long, 500 meter wide with an altitude of 100 to 140 meters.

Evidence from the archeological excavations in Ziviyeh hill includes architectural, metal and engraved ivory pieces. Archeological discoveries in the area generally show architectural collections of the old ethnic groups who lived in a vast area in today’s Azarbaijan and Kurdestan in the first half of the first millennium BCE. Besides revealing the secrets of the fortress, they will also help in understanding the culture and history of the first urban civilizations of Iran and the world.



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