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Story of 27,000 Year Old Life in Gavi Cave


News Category:


03 September 2003 



Northern slopes of the Sabz Mountain five kilometers away from Marvdasht city, in southern province of Fars, hold a cave that is believed to have been the shelter of residents of the region thousand of years ago.

Although the cave has recently been registered in the National Heritage List of Iran, the history of its studies go back to more than 30 years ago.

The prehistoric place, more than 27000 years old, was first discovered in 1969 by William Sumner who was carrying out archeological research around Kor River. Two years later in 1978 Michael Rosenberg started some diggings in the cave. Gavi cave comprises two connected rooms and its entrance is in the form of an 8.

The entrance or the first room enjoys better lighting and air conditions and therefore it is believed that the main activities of its residents were allotted to this section; the second room was perhaps used for collecting garbage (remains of animals). Two diggings by Rosenberg give important information on the cave.

Digging A and the coals found in it suggested the age of the cave was between 18,000 and 30,000 years ago. Therefore, it could be said that considering climatic matters, it belongs to the last period of Ice Age named Wurm age, and in terms of cultural issues, it is part of the upper Paleolithic times.

Digging B and the unique tools found there are indication of long life there and show that people resided in the area from oldest periods of upper Paleolithic times, or even older times of middle Paleolithic era.

The animal bones found belong to animals such as deer and a type of sheep called Capra.

A circular piece of stone discovered in the cave led to the belief that residents of the cave must have used plants as part of their food.

There are many caves in the Fars province which were used as human shelters thousands of years ago.

According to the experts with the Fars cultural heritage department, the Gavi cave due to its unique antiquity and the scientific archeological research carried out there, is an important source for the identification of the history of the area.



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