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Ancient Buried City Surfaces in Western Iran


News Category:

Prehistory - Elamite Period

 28 September 2003



A 5000-year old historical city which has been buried under the Ghala hill in the Iranian western province of Ilam has attracted archaeologists’ attention.

Perimeter setting and documentation of the historical site, located on the south eastern fringe of Zarneh city near Eivan, have been completed pending a more thorough archaeological research.

"Having dug a few boring pits and found relics traced back to the protoliterate period, we are convinced that different periods of sedentism have existed in this historical city since 3200 years B.C. up to the early Sasanid era," said Malek Ahmadi, the head of Ghala research team.

He guessed that remnants of sedentism of the preliterate period will also be obtained, if thorough investigations be conducted on the hill, for this historical city is located on an ancient route connecting Mesopotamia to the central parts of Iran.

During the documentation process of Ghala hill, in addition to the remains of architectural monuments, some relics, such as painted potteries, glassware bits, cut stones and blades of flints, were obtained.

Henry Rawlinson visited this historical area in 1915 and reported that the remnants of a metropolitan spot, in an area of 8 square kilometer, could be seen.

The remaining walls and cubicles from the city have now been destroyed as the result of some agricultural and development activities. The central castle of the city is one of the few intact parts of the site.





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