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Decius, a Populated City of the Saljuq Period


News Category:

Islamic Period

 06 April 2004



The second season of archaeological studies in the historical city of Decius, in Jiroft, in central Iranian province of Kerman, reveals that the city has been a large population center with more than a hundred passages and squares.

Decius dates back to the time of the Saljuq dynasty and stretching 12 square kilometers, it is considered one of Iran's largest cities of Islamic era. According to head of the excavation team Hamideh Choubak, part of the public passages of the city, paved with flagstones and seemingly public buildings at both sides, have been discovered.

The excavations reveal the city to have more than one hundred quarters and one hundred squares, which show how vast and economically, politically, social and culturally important the city was during the Seljuk era, explained Choubak.

Some studies were also carried out in the nearby cemetery where three types of burial were identified. “In an area of just 100 square meters in the cemetery we found 10 graves, which is considered a sign of the large population of Decius” said Choubak.

The discovery of city's public bath, with more than 12 separate sections and a special royal sector, was another outcome of the second round of archaeological studies.

The excavations in Decius have so far just covered two thousand square meters of its 12 square kilometers area, and archaeologists believe that a detailed study would require more than a hundred year of continuous work.

Decius has been one of Iran’s trade and economical poles, having connections with eastern countries. Marco Polo, the world famous Italian traveler, also refers to Decius in his travel diary as a large and glorious city of the time.



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