Discovery of bones of shark and some other forms
of marine life in the historical Jiroft site in southeastern
Iran cast light on the trade between the local residents and
people of the neighboring Persian Gulf coastlines, Iranian
Located along the Halilrud river, the Jiroft site has rendered
evidence of a major civilization coinciding with the Mesopotamia
Marjan Mashkour, a Sorbonne professor and a world renowned bone
expert said the discovery of sea animals bones in the historical
Jiroft site more than 200 km away from the Persian gulf and Oman
sea coastlines indicated the Jiroft residents used to do
business with the littoral people some 5000 years ago. “It
also suggests that the Jiroft residents used protein from the
sea animals in their diet,” Mashkour noted. She believes the
residents used such bones for decoration, pointing to a shark
bone pierced for hanging.
Some 100 individual historical sites have been located along the
Halilrud river as the Jiroft civilization remains stretch 400
kms along the river.
The second season of explorations in the site carried out early
this year, rendered evidence of orthographic activity dating
back some 3000 years ago, when orthography was invented in
Mesopotamia. The explorations also led to finding of a large
ziggurat, believed to be the largest in the world, in which more
than 4 million bricks had been used. The ziggurat is thought to
have been built in 2300 B.C.
Many Iranian and international archaeologists believe what has so
far been discovered in the area indicates the existence of a
civilization as big as Mesopotamia and summer in Iraq.
Yousef Majidzadeh, credited with bringing the site to the
attention of the world, is on the belief that Jiroft is the
ancient city of art referred to as a major civilization in a
clay tablet discovered in Iraq.