Circle of Ancient Iranian Studies
& CULTURAL NEWS©
Ready to Restore Ctesiphon Palace
Cultural Heritage Organization (ICHO) announced its readiness to
restore the Ctesiphon palace in Khwarvaran province, today known
as Iraq, which is developing cracks. The palace boasts the
highest single-span brick arch in the world.
The Deputy ICHO Director Mohammad Moheb Ali said the monument is
a prominent Iranian heritage site now located in modern Iraq.
“The ICHO is ready to send experts to consider the conditions
of the monument and restore it after coordination with the
foreign ministry,” Moheb Ali said. AFP recently filed a report
on the worrying conditions of the palace and cracks in its brick
Located on the northeast bank of the Tigris River, 30 kilometers
(20 miles) south of Baghdad, Ctesiphon was founded on the site
of an older town, Opis, in the second century BC by Parthian
Emperor Mithridates the Great. Later Ctesipon was the first
Sasanian foundation in this urban zone, named Veh-Ardashir,
“the beautiful (good) city of Ardashir,” after its founder,
the Sasanian king of kings Ardashir I (AD 224-241). Ctesipon was
the royal residence, imperial and administrative center, and a
commercial and agricultural hub of the empire in the densely
populated Sasanian province of Khwarvaran, Babylonia/Asoristan.
Although Ctesiphon served only as a winter residence for
Sasanian Emperors who spent summers in the cooler highlands of
the Ianian plateau, it remained the capital and coronation city
of the Sasanian empire from its foundation by Ardashir I until
its conquest by Muslim armies in AD 637. In
637, Arabs after the massacring the Iranians they looted
Ctesiphon and the other Iranian cities. This was the beginning
of their conquest of Iran.
Ctesiphon owes its fame to the remains of its grand vaulted
hall, the Taq-i Kisra, with a span of 25.5 meters (84 feet), a
depth of 48 meters (158 feet) and a height of 37 meters (122
feet), a record for a single-span brick arch.
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British Institute of Persian Studies