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Reliefs in Western Iran Studied


News Category:


 30 April 2004



A group of experts in the national Iranian museum has been doing research on the reliefs east of the western province of Kermanshah. They suggest the reliefs have abstract form. Still due to lack of precise ancient typology, it is all but impossible to date them.

The studies on the rock reliefs of the Sorkheh lijeh, the second of its kind in the province, started two months ago in the Paleolithic research center affiliated to the museum.

Sonia Shidrang, an expert with the center, classified the reliefs as nature inspired and non nature inspired, adding the former was featured by designs drawn with a special material on the rock, while the latter were simple, abstract drawings unaffected by nature themes.

"It is not easy to make speculations as regards their age because of the lack of expertise about dating based on typology of ancient drawings in Iran, specially with regard to the Paleolithic age," Shidrang said.

There are drawings some 200-300 years old believed to be made by nomads as they made their seasonal journey.

The Sorkhe Lijeh reliefs are nestled on the rocky foothills of the miuleh in eastern Kermanshah. Replicas of the drawings made on the spot were transferred to the national Iranian museum for further research recently. The drawings are the second of the kind after the Cheshmeh Sohrab cave.

Shidrang noted the Sorkhe Lijeh drawings were different from those found in the cave in that they were petroglyphs.

"The petroglyphs feature human, animal and geometrical shapes in different scenes. The human designs, mostly showing fighting scenes, outnumber others," she remarked.



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