an outrageous role model for people, the municipality of the
modern city of Susa is dumping garbage on relics of an ancient
fort in this historical city.
While the department is still doggedly pursuing plans to build a
bus terminal on Iranian Acropolis ruins, its workers are
violating Iranian environmental and cultural heritage
regulations by turning the 400-hectare area into a garbage pit.
“Municipality garbage collectors deliberately dump the waste
behind the fort gate at night when the curators are not
around,” complained Ahmad Anajil, head of Iranian Cultural
Organization office in Susa.
Meanwhile, Susa mayor Ali Ghazaei told CHN that he had ordered
all his personnel to refrain from dumping refuse at the
Susa is one of the oldest cities in the world. Excavations have
established that people were living at the so-called acropolis
in 5000 BC and have shown the existence of urban structures
about 4000, and it is reasonable that the town, situated between
the rivers Karkheh and Dez (one of these is the ancient Eulaeus),
was already the political center of Elam in the fourth
millennium. The ruins of a castle on a steep hilltop date back
to this period. It has been overbuilt with a modern castle that
was used by the French archaeologists who excavated the city
from 1897 onward.
A second part of the city is now called the royal hill and
contains the ruins of a temple of Ninhursang. A third part is
the artisan's quarter. The Assyrian king Aššurbanipal
destroyed the Elamite capital between 645-640.
The city was rebuilt by the Iranian King of Kings Darius the
Great (522-486). The Apadana palace was clearly his favorite
residence. The Greek historian Herodotus of Halicarnassus, who
wrote about the Achaemenid Empire, did not know of another
capital. The allegedly scene of the Biblical book of Esther is
laid in Susa, where king Ahasverus (Xerxes) resides.
Unfortunately, a big fire during the reign of Artaxerxes I
(465-424) destroyed much of the buildings from this age. It was
rebuilt, however, and could be excavated in the twentieth
century. Unfortunately, even the ruins were not left alone: they
were partly destroyed during the First Persian Gulf War.