bones dug out from two distinct cemeteries in northern and
northwestern Iran, experts have concluded Iron Age Iranians
dwelling in settlements enjoyed longevity.
While nomads in Kharand of Semnan province had brawny but
fatigued bodies, their contemporaries in the northwestern city
of Tabriz were immune from bone diseases, anthropologists said.
Experts reached the conclusion after studying bones unearthed
from two typical graveyards from the Iron Age, one in Kharand
and the other in Masjed Kabood of Tabriz.
While Kharand nomads used to migrate to the south of the Caspian
Sea in the winter and return to the Semnan plateau when it got
warmer, Masjed Kabood dwellers had a roughly settled and urban
lifestyle, noted Farzad Forozanfar, an anthropologist with
Iran’s Cultural heritage and Tourism Organization (CHTO).
“Bones discovered in Tabriz are generally smaller and indicate
those people had a leisurely lifestyle, whereas those unearthed
in Kharand show its inhabitants had brawny and muscular
Tabrizis used to suffer from genetic diseases, but their
Kharandi contemporaries mostly had acute backaches, due to their
harsh and austere lives, Forozanfar added.