Circle of Ancient Iranian Studies
& CULTURAL NEWS©
Buildings Discovered in Southern Persian Gulf
An Australian-American archaeological team from
December 2003 till last month, conducted detailed inspections of
the Iron Age site found earlier in Muweileh in former Iranian
province of Mishmahig, what is today known as Sharjah in
Southern Persian Gulf.
The site, located 15km west of modern Sharjah city, has already
revealed substantial evidence for a 3000-year old settlement
which is one of the largest sites dating back to that age
discovered so far in the region. Previous finds included the
oldest writing found there, the oldest Iron-Age artifacts and
many buildings including a columned hall that must have
functioned as the centre of an economic and political power
within the settlement.
This season’s excavations, the eighth at the same site,
revealed several buildings inside the fortification wall, said a
spokesperson of the department. “Previously, we had assumed
that the central area of the site consisted of an open
courtyard, but it appears that it is not the case,” the
spokesperson said, adding that the recent excavations also
revealed a new gateway in the eastern side of the settlement.
“ “This was constructed from stone and had a hardened
plaster floor and had evidence for holes for large wooden doors.
Several complete painted vessels and some iron artifacts were
found associated with this gateway. To the south, a new building
adjoining the fortification was also unearthed. This house is
larger than most at the site and had plastered floors. A stone
incense burner was found on the floor of one of the rooms of
this building,” he said.
He said the joint team found evidence throughout all these
buildings of a fiery destruction that brought the settlement to
an end around 750BC. This conclusion was drawn from the fact
that a lot of archaeological materials have been discovered
including pots, clay ovens, animal bones, burnt dates and
date-seeds and shells that would have been obtained by the old
inhabitants from the coast for eating, the spokesperson
observed, revealing that continued analysis of these finds will
provide unparalleled data on how people lived 3000 years ago in
in that area.
Meanwhile, a Spanish Archaeological expedition from Otonoma
University arrived there to conduct excavations at Ak Thaquiba
site in Al Madam Plain.
The Spanish team will focus on resuming excavations of ancient
canals of water springs discovered last season in addition to
digging other parts of this agricultural settlement which dates
back to the first millennium B.C.
is the Light on the Path to Future"
British Institute of Persian Studies