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Adobe Find in Jiroft Offers Evidence of Rich Civilization


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 22 January 2004



Archeological explorations in the historical Jiroft area have entered a new stage after the discovery of a large adobe structure containing some one million pieces of mud bricks, head of the explorations team said.

The historical Jiroft area, known as the archeologists' lost paradise, enjoys a rich civilization which has already been combed by archeologists and illegal excavators who have come up with many stone, pottery and architectural remains from the third millennium B.C.

Yousef Majidzadeh noted the mud brick construction was a two-storey structure 15 meters high.

"More than one million mud bricks have been used in the construction of the structure. The area of the ground floor is 400x400 meters while the upper floor is 250x250 meters," Yousefzadeh remarked.

Stressing the significance of the find, Yousefzadeh said the huge number of mud bricks used suggested many workers, artisans and craftsmen must have worked there. "And this indicates the existence of a major civilization," he inferred.

Archeologists believe the discovery and determination of its use in the future can contribute a lot to knowing about the Jiroft civilization, answering so many questions facing archeologists.

Some 10 renowned archeologists from prestigious universities including Sorbonne, Nantes, Pennsylvania and Harvard specializing in various branches of archeology are taking part in the explorations by the Halilrud river, which started about a month ago.

More than 85 historical sites have so far been identified along the 400 km Halilrud river in the southeastern Iranian province of Kerman.

Many archeologists maintain what has so far surfaced in the area is indicative of settlement in a swathe of land as large as the civilizations of Mesopotamia and Sumer.

Yousefzadeh, who is credited with being the first to draw attention to the civilization, believes it is older and richer than the Sumer civilization, widely known as the oldest human civilization. He points out stone relics from Jiroft have surfaced in other historical areas, including Sumer.




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