estimate a thorough identification and documentation of an
astounding 4 billion artifacts in the Burnt City (Shahre-Sokhteh),
southeast of Iran, would require some 400 years, at least.
Archaeologists have already managed to document and profile 102
villages of the sprawling city, located south of Zabol in the
eastern province of Sistan-Baluchestan. Archaeologists have
meanwhile found some new artifacts including marble and pottery
dishes, semi-precious stones and insignias, said Tahereh
Shahraki, head of research in Sistan Cultural heritage and
The unexpected appearance & the quick disappearance of the
city baffled experts for years. Excavations and researches have
found the Burnt City was the independent from Mesopotamia.
Judging by the artifacts recovered in the area, the inhabitants
seem to have been intelligent farmers & crafters. So far no
military ware has been discovered, suggesting the peaceful
nature of the residents.
Strange enough, the city has no connection to any other ancient
civilizations in the area, as if it had completely emanated from
somewhere else. Signs of civilization, first laid down in the
Burnt City in 3200 B.C., remained intact up to the years
2100-2000 B.C. and during four successive periods in history.
One of the prominent relics found in the Burnt City is a skull
that according to the anthropological studies, is the first
evidence of brain surgeries in prehistoric Persia.
Hasan Sargazi, head of the excavation teams, also said experts
estimate there are about 4 billion artifacts in the 55 hilltops
dug so far this year, requiring 400 years to identify them.
Experts believe that the discovery of a large number of seals
and calculation devices in the site proves that it was, in
addition to being a religious place, used as a center for
economic activities. The 5,000-years-old history of the Burnt
City makes it one of the largest and most ancient sites in the
Middle East. Various industrial and residential units, as well
as cemeteries and monumental relics litter its 151 hectares of