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CAIS ARCHAEOLOGICAL & CULTURAL NEWS©

 

Archaeologists Discovered the Ruins of Ancient Iranian City in Arran

 

10 June 2004

 

 

Employees of the Institute of Archeology and Ethnography of the National Academy of Sciences of Arran (the modern republic of Azerbaijan - ANAS) have found out ruins of a city concerning from Sasanids and 9th centuries in the territory of village Beyimli of the Agsy district.


As was informed to correspondent of AzerTAj at the Institute, the city territory of which makes about 9 hectares, surround majestic fortifications height of which reaches 15-16 meters.

 

During research it has been established, that the fortifications consisting of several layers, have been constructed in step style from a crude brick which structure includes a straw mix. During the preliminary prospecting search carried out under the direction of archaeologist Gafar Jabiyev, there has been found a rich cultural layer thickness of which reaches 1,4 meters characteristic for the cities of the early Middle Ages.

 

Unfortunately, as a result of numerous long-term plowing, territory for crops of cotton, grain and grapes, the top layer of 0,5-0,6 meters have been entirely destroyed, by thickness of the cultural layer, thus, many most unique historical subjects which have appeared on surface, passing from hands in hands, have been lost.


During prospecting search on depth of 0,5-1,4 meters, there have been found out ruins of streets, houses, the rests of the centers, furnaces and other objects of industrial purpose, and also other numerous samples of material culture - various kind ceramics without enamel, industrial waste products, metal and glass subjects.

 

Ruins testify that construction basically was conducted with use of river stone, crude, and in part – of brick. Among the findings, it is found out characteristic for the important religious - public buildings of this period of stone column. Researchers believe that this place corresponds to the city of Mehravan based during arrival to Iranian Parthian of Albania of the Mehranids.

 

Geographical coordinates also testify to this. After conquer of the territory of Arran province (modern Azerbaijan) by the Arab army, the name of this city in historical sources was not mentioned. The said version also corresponds to notes of the medieval historian Musa Kalankatuklu about the basis of the city of Mehrevan. He writes, that the founder of Mehranids dynasty, Mehran being afraid of revenge by the Sasanid governor Khsrow Parviz II, has decided to run on the north together with his family to be united with the Khazars.


Under the description of the historian this territory was hilly and possessed a temperate climate.
Taking into account value of recently found out ruins of city in studying some questions, in our history, the Academic Council of the Institute has decided to continue their archaeological researches.

 

Province of Arran was separated from mainland Iran in 1831 and 21 February 1828, as the result of Gulistan andTurkamanchai treaties between Iran and Russia at the time of infamous Qajar king, Fath'ali Shah. Arran after the Russian revolution became as constituent republic of the USSR, and changed its name to the Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic. Neely created Azerbaijan declared itself independent of the USSR in August 1991, and became a member of the Commonwealth of Independent States and as an independent state.


 

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