the latest excavation project in the Ziviyeh Hill in the western
province of Kurdistan, Iranian archaeologists have managed to
trace back secret routes used by Iranian warriors at the time of
Median dynasty to enter their fortress and also to discover a
The hilltop fortress was built by Medes 2700 years ago. It has
been explored since 1975 and after a 10-year hiatus, the
excavation has resumed. “We have discovered and mapped the
entrance passage ways to the fortress, from the above and
beneath the castle, starting from the eastern slope to the
hilltop,” said Simin Lakpour, one of the archaeologists
involved in the project.
The hilltop fort is located in the Ziviyeh village, 55 km
southeastern of Saghez, overlooking a vast area.
The Medes were a tribe of nomadic, horse-riding peoples speaking
Indo-European languages, who began moving into the Iranian
cultural area from Central Asia near the end of the second
millennium B.C. They settled over a huge area, reaching as far
as modern Tabriz in the north and Isfahan in the south. They had
their capital at Ecbatana (present-day Hamedan) and annually
paid tribute to the Assyrians.