inadvertent destruction of an aqueduct, dating back to the
Parthian dynasty, robbed Iranian archaeologists of a rare
opportunity to unraveling the secret behind its use.
Oil development workers with Khuzestan Oil Company, based south
of Iran, were constructing a pipeline when they bumped into the
alerted archaeologists from the Cultural Heritage Organization (CHO),
though it was too late, since their bulldozer had already
damaged a great part of the aqueduct, made of bricks and pottery
slabs. Researchers are still working on the site, but their hope
to decipher the secret has been dented.
“Oil workers mistakenly ruined a huge section of the aqueduct,
thus now we are not able to assert how the Parthian used it,”
Abdolreza Paymani, research officer of the CHO bureau in
Parthians (of the semi-nomadic Parni tribe of Iranian people),
whose name was used by all subsequent Arsacid Emperors, revolted
against the foreign invasion of Iran by Seleucids in 247 B.C.
and established a dynasty, the Arsacids, or Parthians.
the second century, the Parthians were able to free the rest of
Iranian world, extend their rule to Bactria, Babylonia, Susiana,
and Media, and, under Mithradates the Great (123-87 B.C.),
Parthian conquests stretched from India to Armenia. After the
victories of Mithradates II, the Parthians began to claim
descent from the Achaemenids. Their language was
Parthian-Pahlavi of western-Iranian
branch, closely related to Persian. Parthians established an
administrative system based on Achaemenid precedents.