believe the recent discovery of a Dinotherium Giganteum's fossil
in the Iranian city of Varzaghan can help them map out the
evolution trajectory of elephants.
Following the discovery of the most complete fossil of the
pre-historic dinosaur, dating back to 2 -7 million years ago, in
the Iranian city of Varzaghan, researchers are scratching their
heads to find answers to some mind-boggling questions. Was
Varzaghan the habitat of giant dinosaurs one day? What factor
led to their extinction in the area? How could the discovery
solve mysteries about great mammals of today, such as elephants?
Among the fossils found in Varzaghan, one can be amazed at the
Dinotherium Giganteum's enormous teeth, as big as a human's
head. Its lower jaw measures 1.5 meters in length. "Dinotherium
Giganteums have, indeed, been the forefathers of today's
elephants. They were herbivores, having two giant ivories on its
upper jaw. Their main differences with elephants can be seen in
their longer trunk, simpler and shallower skulls, and the growth
of their ivories on the upper jaw instead of those of elephants
on the lower jaw," observed Dr. Zeinolabedin Abrishamshi,
professor of paleontology and geology at Tabriz University.
Dinotherium Giganteum is one of the most unique types of
dinosaurs and archaeologists have never been able to find a
complete set of its skeleton to date. Iranian repairing staff
discovered this precious fossil more than six months ago while
repairing the stable of a historical house, named Amir Ershad's
House. Paleontologists initially thought it belonged to a
mammoth: however, studies conducted by scholars at Tabriz
University, northwestern of Iran, concluded it has been a
Dinotherium Giganteum fossil.