plan to study why Shapour’s sculpture, Iran’s biggest
historical statue, was built in the first place.
The 7-meter-tall sculpture is chiseled out on the front face of
cave, located 6km north of the historical city of Bishapour
southwest of Iran, and has always remained a national marvel.
experts have submitted different theories on the purpose of
creating such a grueling masterpiece, the most verifiable of
which contends it was meant to reflect the power of Shapour I, a
“Some claim Shapour ordered his subjects to build it in order
to highlight grandiose of his reign while others contend he
wanted to show off his religious inclinations,” said Mosaib
Amiri, head of the historical project of Bishapour.
Bishapour was built on the Imperial Road in Fars province, at
the time of Shapour I (241-272) in the third century A.D. The
beautiful scenery of the Shapour plain and river as well as the
new architecture style of Bishapour buildings distinguished the
city in the whole Iranian civilization at the time of Sasanid