Margian archeological expedition headed by the well-known
Russian archeologist, Dr. Victor Sarianidi, continued a series
of sensational findings during a new season of excavations, the
It is necessary to recall that scientists found an ancient
Temple of Water dated late 3rd millennium B.C. this spring
during excavation works at the site of the ancient city of Gonur
situated in the delta of the Murgab river (Bayramali district of
Mary region). A little bit later the expedition found a
partially sacked king’s tomb in a Mausoleum near the Temple.
was found a unique for Ancient Iranian chariot with bronze
wheels and yoked animals in one of the tomb’s mortuary rooms.
Besides, scientists managed to dig out mortuary rooms with
sacred sheep surrounded by bronze mortuary sacrifices, the
The expedition continued excavations at the site of the Temple
of Water "Anahita" this autumn. As Victor Sarianidi
reported that he found another tomb on the very fist days of
work. Although it was also sacked in the ancient times, like the
first tomb, archeologists made some new discoveries.
First of all, the walls of the mortuary room were decorated with
a colorful mosaic panel. According to Victor Sarianidi, “the
walls are fully covered by mosaic made up of hundreds of small
figured pieces that were skillfully sawed from gypsum tile.
Along with simple geometrical designs there are pictures of sore
panthers with fangs, wild boars and eagles in the same heraldic
posture that in itself are the great monuments of the ancient
applied art.” According to the scientist, “there can be
clearly seen narrative compositions, either in the form of
serpentine dragons with open chaps, eating goats, or other
mythical predators. ”In the Russian archeologist’s opinion,
pictures of a pair of facing each other winged griffins in a
ready-to-fight position are of particular importance. “Their
grinned chaps are wide open and their eyes are screwed up and
express animosity. Such compositions were typical of the
Assyrian art. In the ancient times they were popular in the Near
and Middle East and, as it appears now, in Central Asia,
[Iranian World]” the scientist said. According to the
archeologist, the findings “mark the beginning of discoveries
of a new, earlier unknown mosaic art of Margiana.”
Yet, the real surprise to the scientists, as Victor Sarianidi
confesses, was the next king’s tomb, which to all appearances
has never been put to sack. That is why it has kept intact about
twenty big silver vessels, one of which has a relief with a
picture of the caravan of camels painted, as the Russian
archeologist notes, “astonishingly close to reality”. There
were found a big golden decant and a golden cup standing nearby.
There was also a sculpture of the lying sheep made of white
stone in the same mausoleum. It is half a meter long.
Archeologists have never happened to excavate such stone
sculptures in this territory before, Victor Sarianidi said.
On the last days of September archeologists found the second
wheeled carriage in the third tomb in a row that has also
retained thick bronze rims. At the same time they detected the
locations of three more such mausoleums.
At present, scientists try to solve a problem of the soonest
conservation of findings. “If we don’t take immediate steps
on conservation of these findings that have rested in the soil
over centuries, they will be quickly and irretrievably destroyed
by oxygen and other natural factors,” Victor Sarianidi