channel leakage has inflicted an irreparable damage on Iran’s
unique aquatic museum and wonderful waterfalls in Shushtar,
southwest of the country.
The museum houses Iran’s natural aqueducts dating back from
the Islamic era in the 6th and 7th centuries, but now it is
threatened by sewage leakage.
In ancient times Shushtar was famous for its dams and irrigation
systems. Three of the dams date back to Sassanid times (3rd to
7th century CE), of which the largest was 550 meters long. The
dam system fell apart through the 19th century. But even today,
several waterwheels help run flour mills and produce
It was at Shushtar that Shapour I, after his great victory (A.D.
260) over Valerian at Édhessa, set his captives to work
building vast hydraulic works, including a large dam across the
The historical Shushtar waterfalls are among the few ancient
water structures in Iran used since the time of the Achaemenid
for irrigating the Shushtar plain.