from Iranian Cultural Heritage and Tourism Organization (CHTO)
ruled out a proposed route for the construction of a monorail
because it was planned to pass near a landmark monument in the
capital city of Tehran.
The municipality intended to have the route pass just 400 meters
away from the Azadi Tower (Shahyâd-e Âryâmehr) while CHTO had demanded at least one
km distance between the monorail and Tehran’s most visible
monument, south of the city.
The tower is the only monument in Iran which was registered as a
national heritage site immediately after its construction. An
underground building beneath the square is a bustling art center
with a large and well-equipped amphitheatre.
Although Tehran is more than 2,300 years old, the Azadi Tower
has become the symbol of Iran’s capital city in just a few
decades. The arch rises from Azadi Square mirroring the Elburz (Alborz)
mountain range just north of the city. It is 45 meters high and
is faced with 8000 white stone slabs from Esfahan. It is located
at the entrance to Tehran, this historic city.
The tower, built in 1971 on the occasion of 2500-year Imperial
regime in Iran, which is a combination of Ancient Iranian as
well as Islamic Iranian art and architecture styles. The
monument currently is part of Azadi cultural complex which is
located in Tehran’s Azadi Square in an area of about 5
hectares. The tower is located near Mehrabad Airport and was
opened in 1971.
After 1979 revolution the new governments changed it name
from Shahyad-e Aryamehr (Shah's Memorial) to Azadi (Freedom).