at the historical site of Gilan-e Gharb, in the western
province of Kermanshah, have revealed the remnants of
houses belonging to the inhabitants of the region during
the Iron Age as well as a cemetery.
According to ISNA, the excavation lasted for three months
in the historical site of Gilan-e Gharb ahead of the
construction of a dam in the area.
The head of the excavation team, Hassan Rezvani said that
in the process of digging the dam, workers came across
several graves as well as historical artifacts dating back
to the first millennium BC.
Iran–s Cultural Heritage and Tourism Organization
(ICHTO) undertook further exploration in the area for
three months prior to the resumption of construction works
of the dam.
Rezvani said that studies on the excavation findings made
it clear that three thousand years ago, tribesmen in Gilan-e
Gharb historical site were living in an area of one
hectare during the winter. They led a nomadic lifestyle
moving to various locations in the summer and winter and
building residences in the area near the river.
He said the tribesmen were living in the river-side and
the settlements in the first period of the Iron Age had
taken shape in huts of mountain stones and along the banks
of the upstream river. They had formed groups called
“Megaltic– and gradually became accustomed to the
climate there and began building shelters for themselves.
They used wooden pillars for building houses. Their houses
contain courtyards and several rooms. The house is
surrounded by strong walls to protect the house from
Each residence has a storehouse for grains supplies.
Pottery workshops, stone devices, pottery and brass items
were also unearthed in the region.
Rezvani said that a unique seal of green agate has been
unearthed during the excavation. These portray a good man
with four wings and a bad man with two wings and animal
feet. The good man wears a hat. He declined to give
details about the seal saying it needs further study.
Asked to elaborate on the graveyard, he said that in
addition to the cemetery where men, women and children
were buried, remains of nine men have been found in graves
separately with their swords, giving the impression that
they were killed in a war. And a seal unearthed from the
area is believed to have belonged to a king.