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Iron Age Houses Found In Gilan-e Gharb


News Category: Prehistory

 17 October 2005



Excavations at the historical site of Gilan-e Gharb, in the western province of Kermanshah, have revealed the remnants of houses belonging to the inhabitants of the region during the Iron Age as well as a cemetery.

According to ISNA, the excavation lasted for three months in the historical site of Gilan-e Gharb ahead of the construction of a dam in the area.

The head of the excavation team, Hassan Rezvani said that in the process of digging the dam, workers came across several graves as well as historical artifacts dating back to the first millennium BC.

Iran–s Cultural Heritage and Tourism Organization (ICHTO) undertook further exploration in the area for three months prior to the resumption of construction works of the dam.

Rezvani said that studies on the excavation findings made it clear that three thousand years ago, tribesmen in Gilan-e Gharb historical site were living in an area of one hectare during the winter. They led a nomadic lifestyle moving to various locations in the summer and winter and building residences in the area near the river.

He said the tribesmen were living in the river-side and the settlements in the first period of the Iron Age had taken shape in huts of mountain stones and along the banks of the upstream river. They had formed groups called “Megaltic– and gradually became accustomed to the climate there and began building shelters for themselves. They used wooden pillars for building houses. Their houses contain courtyards and several rooms. The house is surrounded by strong walls to protect the house from floods.

Each residence has a storehouse for grains supplies. Pottery workshops, stone devices, pottery and brass items were also unearthed in the region.

Rezvani said that a unique seal of green agate has been unearthed during the excavation. These portray a good man with four wings and a bad man with two wings and animal feet. The good man wears a hat. He declined to give details about the seal saying it needs further study.

Asked to elaborate on the graveyard, he said that in addition to the cemetery where men, women and children were buried, remains of nine men have been found in graves separately with their swords, giving the impression that they were killed in a war. And a seal unearthed from the area is believed to have belonged to a king.


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