some geophysical studies, Iranian archeologists have managed to
discover the remains of an age-old ziggurat, possibly dating
back to 6,00 years, near the 3,000-year-old famed Chogha Zanbil
Chogha Zanbil is situated in southwest Iran about 40 km
southeast of the ancient city of Susa. It was built on a plateau
above the banks of the Dez River. The complex consists of a
magnificent ziggurat (the largest structure of its kind in
Iran), temples, and three palaces. The site was added to
UNESCO’s World Heritage List in 1979. The geophysical surveys
have started since last year and its second season would resume
in October, southwest of Iran.
“Theoretically, since late 1970’s, we believed there must be
another ziggurat in the area and our recent surveys proved the
speculation to be right,” said Hamid Fadaei, head of the
research center in Chogha Zanbil.
It is assumed the newly discovered area, named New Village, used
to house the forefathers of King Untash Napirisha, who founded
Dur-Untash, which means the castle or the city of Untash. Its
size and splendor was intended to honor the gods and to manifest
the power of the monarch. At the center of the city, a ziggurat
was built of which two floors still exist. A wall surrounded it,
which is the inner wall of three concentric walls in Dur Untash.
Between the inner wall and the middle wall several temples
belonging to different Elamite divinities were built.
outer city wall was about 4 km long enclosing an area of
approximately 100 hectares. The royal quarter was situated
adjacent to a major city gate some 450 meters east of the
ziggurat. In this area, a group of three major buildings with
large courts surrounded by lengthy halls and rooms were
excavated. Beneath one of theses buildings (Palace I), five
underground tombs were found similar to those of Haft Tappeh (Kabnak).
The tombs in Chogha Zanbil however were of a much more