most ancient piece of pottery is over 10,000 years old, though
human being used pottery vessels some 2,000 years earlier, an
It is discovered in Ganj Darreh (Valley of Treasure), a
district of Kermanshah province, west of Iran, announced
Farzaneh Ghaeini, director of the Abgineh Museum in Tehran.
“The vessel is clearly the oldest piece of pottery in Iran,
dating back to the 8th millennium BC,” she said.
The first earthenware vessels were of two kinds, black
utensils and red ones, both of these had very simple
Gradually, simple earthenware, were being deco rated by
geometric designs. Studying these designs shows us that
Iranians were very skillful in making designed earthenware and
represented these designs in a very lively and beautiful
manner. Iran could be called the main birth place of designed
earthenware utensils. Designing earthenware in Iran started
about 4 thousand years BC.
The artists by using this new machine made different kinds of
utensils like: piped pots, bowls and jars for storage of corns
Among excavated earthen belonging to this age, some primitive
earthen statues in the form of animals and birds were found
which were used more ornamentally rather than anything else.
During the past hundred years, many valuable remnants
earthenware from different civilizations have been found in
"Sialk" "Tape Misar", "Shush"
"Tepe Gyan" 'Tape Hasanlu" and 'Tal-i
Bacon" in Takhte-Jamshid. Studying these works will
reveal the changing process of art of pottery in Iran. Images
of horns of cows and reindeers, wings of birds and shouts of
lions are some kind of decorative design of pottery in fourth
Thousand Year BC The strength and durability of this art
caused its glory and spread all over Iran's plateau and even
At the end of the third century and in the second century BC,
pottery became a little delicate and at times decorated by
engraved designs. The earthen statue of a wild goat excavated
in "Kalar Dasht" at the foot of "Alborz"
mountain is a sample of the art of pottery of this age.