casks dating to the Parthian dynasty have been
discovered in the waters of Rig Port in the
southern province of Boushehr. The casks were
primarily used for burying the dead, and then for
some 1000 years (before Abbasids) for trade and
transfer of wine.
The underwater archaeology team of Iran recently
discovered 10 casks in Rig Port coastal waters.
Most of these casks are broken down, and only one
remains intact. This type of cask has been the
main container of liquids in Ancient Iran.
“Several items including headpieces, armors, and
stone anchors were discovered during the first
season of exploration in Rig waters. The
archaeology team therefore decided to focus their
work on documentation, photography, and filming of
the explored sites,” explained head of the
exploration team, Hussein Tofighian. Meanwhile the
site was studies furthermore and several casks
were found there, added Tofighian.
The area under study spreads one kilometer into
and 5 to 8 kilometers deep into the coastal waters
of a southern island of Rig port, where some
historical remains are scattered on the sea bed.
According to Tofighian, the intact cask provides
useful information on the casks which were of
great importance in the Persian Gulf region. The
casks, with their wide mouths and small pointed
bases, have a form different than those used in
European ports and ships; however, they rival the
European type in their historical value and
expansive use to bury the dead or carry liquids
both for daily tasks and trade.
Underwater archaeologists believe that the
discovered items are remains of a sunken ship, the
body of which has moved or dissolved due to time
passage, strong underwater currents, and local