latest excavations in the archaeological site of
Burnt City, in Sistan-Baluchistan has led to the
discovery of a five-thousand-year old female
skeleton which shows traces of macrocephaly. This
is the first example of such illness found in the
According to head of the anthropology team in the
Burnt City, Farzad Forouzanfar, the discovered
skull has a very thick shell, which shows that the
woman has died of macrocephaly. However, since it
is badly damaged, no more information has been
obtained from it. Studies on the skull show that
the woman has died young due to the disease.
“The increase in the thickness of the skull has
caused the excessive largeness of the whole skull,
and this has increased the pressure on the roof of
the skull and its fracture, driving the ill
finally to death,” explained Forouzanfar.
Previously, symptoms of hydrocephaly were noticed
in skeletons of children and young adults
discovered in the Burnt City. Further work in the
area will probably help archaeologists find the
reason why people in this area were infected with
hydrocephaly and macrocephaly.
Other illnesses found extensively in the
historical area were osteoporosis (bones becoming
porous), and joint and spinal problems.