and German archaeologists have unearthed the
remains of an archaeological site dating back to
7000 years ago at the very early stages of a joint
salvage operation behind Sivand dam across Bolaghi
The 18-kilometer gorge is located 8 kilometers
from the World Heritage Site of Pasargadae in Fars
province. Some experts believe that the site has
been the location of the major ancient road of
Iran connecting Persepolis to Susa. Remains dating
back to the cave-dwelling period, to the
prehistoric times, up to the Islamic times have
been discovered in this site.
“The team has managed to unearth pieces of
pottery belonging to the fifth millennium B.C. six
months after the beginning of salvage operation”
said Mozhgan Seiedin, head of the joint excavation
Referring to the possibility of discovering more
ancient artifacts in near future, she added,
“Since there has been no proof to settlement
dating back to more than 2000 years ago in the
region, the discovery of any single evidence is
considered to be of utmost importance”.
The 10-member excavation team is going to work on
this site which is spread over a 150-square-meter
plot of land for the next two months.
According to Seiedin, before the end of the
excavation season, at least five other spots of
this site will be excavated in the hope of
unearthing architectural remains. By January 2006,
the whole area including more than 100
archaeological sites and remains will be flooded
shortly after the inauguration of Sivand dam.
The Sivand dam constructed in the Bolaghi Gorge is
to be flooded by next year, drowning all
historical monuments and artifacts there.
Salvation attempts are now underway by different
joint teams of Iranian and foreign experts,
including Polish, German and French experts who
are at the time working in the area. An Italian
team also excavated at Bolaghi Gorge, finding a
village dating to the Achaemenid era.
In preparation of a salvage plan, a team of
experts from Iran Cultural Heritage and Tourism
Organization and Parse and Pasargadae Research
Institute had initially sketched the region where
they registered over 120 archaeological sites.
“Recent discoveries of Iranian-German team
consist of two mounds, ancient furnaces, evidence
of early settlements in the region some of which
are found in caves, two public cemetery dating
back to Parthian era, and some other ancient
artifacts”, said Babak Kiyal, chief director of
Pasargadae archaeological complex.
Pasargadae is the fifth Iranian archaeological
site in the row of world heritage registered sites
and was approved to be added to the list by UNESCO
in July 2004.