studies has approved the existence of a historical
city beneath the Bistun plains, west of Iran.
Bistun Plain is located 30 kilometers northeast of
Kermanshah city, in the western province of
Kermanshah. Two large rivers there, evidence of
irrigation, the area unique quarry, Bistun famous
engraving, Khosrow Bridge, and great potentials of
urban life there had brought experts to believe
that underneath the 3500-hectare plain there
should lie a historical city.
The geophysical studies confirming the belief has
been advantageous due to providing information
with the least excavations and diggings, and
according to head of the Bistun archaeological
project, Maliheh Mehdi Abadi, after reaching
general results, boring pits have been dug here
and there to confirm the obtained results.
As explained by head of the geophysical studies,
Abdolazim Shah Karami, first the location of the
city was identified by means of topographical maps
and aerial pictures. Then geophysical studies were
carried out to understand what was exactly buried
underneath the plain. Finally, boring pits were
dug in six significant spots and the experts’
beliefs considering the existence of a city there
and its date were confirmed.
The model of study used in Bistun can be of great
use in other plains and historical sites of Iran
such as the Burnt City, in the eastern province of
Sistan va Baluchestan.